According to Harold Lasswell (1936), politics is the decision-making process of who gets what, when, and how. If the institution of religion is ultimately responsible for meaning, the political institution is ultimately responsible for managing power.


According to a July 1995 study of the Americans Talk Issues Foundation, three out of four Americans claimed that they rarely or never trust "government to do what is right"--a quarter more than in the midst of the Watergate hearings. What will be the consequences of this crisis of legitimacy?


Eric Zuelow's Nationalism Project (Wisconsin-Madison)


Moving Ideas: The Electronic Policy Network
Patrick Fagan's Working-Papers Site for political science scholars (well annotated and numerous links from Southern Mississippi)
Yahoo 's Political Science Electronic Texts


Project Vote Smart--"a citizen's organization, has developed a Voter's Self-Defense System to provide you with the necessary tools to self-govern effectively: abundant, accurate, unbiased and relevant information. As a national library of factual information, Project Vote Smart covers your candidates and elected officials in five basic categories: biographical information, issue positions, voting records, campaign finances and interest group ratings."


Since 1973, the NORC General Social Surveys have included Americans' confidence in the leadership of various social institutions. In the graph below we see the confidence-magnifying effects of Gulf War I and of responses to the 9-11-01 terrorist attacks on the U.S.

FirstGov master portal to US government Websites, offering access to all 20,000 government sites with over 27 million Webpages 
FedStats--"The gateway to statistics from over 100 U.S. agencies"
From GPO.access Federal Resources Organized by Topic
The United States General Accounting Office
1998 Green Book Overview of Entitlement Programs
Budget of the United States Government, FY 2005
The Annotated U.S. Constitution
United States Constitution Search
National Political Index
Capitol Watch Online Home Page
Library of Congress World Wide Web Home Page
The Federal Web Locator
The National Archives
GPO Access
Office of Technology Assessment--closed in 1995, preserved at Princeton
United States International Information Programs



Tom W. Smith and Seokho Kim's "The Vanishing Protestant Majority" from the National Opinion Research Center

"The Twelve Tribes of American Politics: The Religious Groups that Comprise the U.S. Electorate" based on John C. Green's "The American Religious Landscape and Political Attitudes: A Baseline for 2004"




GEOSTAT-produced map of election results from the University of Virginia, using information from the New York Times' "The 2000 Election"

At GOVOTE.COM you can take a quiz and then be patched with your soulmate among contenders and even have your political personality identified


The 1996 presidential election selected the individual who would lead Americans into the next millennium. It was decided by an electorate that was reportedly disenchanted, disconnected, cynical, and woefully uninformed about government. Since 1973, with the exception of 1974 (the midst of the Watergate crisis), public confidence in the leadership of Congress and the Executive Branch has never been lower. Paradoxically, as voters are decreasingly engaged in political life, the American political and social environment has become remarkably more open and democratic. Owing to emerging microchip technology and the growing availability of electronic communication, twelve percent of U.S. households are now connected to the Internet, exposing millions to a universe of unprecedented information and knowledge. In the future, 1996 may be recognized as the nation's first cybernetic election.

The impact of this information and knowledge revolution on traditional political processes and institutions is already immense. The power and influence once commanded by political bosses and political parties now flows to professionals in mass marketing and mass communications; the personal computer may already be more vital to winning an election than any precinct captain or party machine. Public opinion has become the single greatest force in the electoral process. Click here to see the New York Time's analysis of 1996 Presidential election results broken down by gender, race, income, etc.


The Presidential Elections from 1860-1912 from HarpWeek featuring images  from such periodicals as Harper's Weekly, Vanity Fair, and Puck, as well as from the Library of Congress political print collection.
Alan Miller's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections 1932-96 (Klipsan Press, pdf format 122 pp.)
New York Times Looks Back: Presidential Elections 1896-1996
History of Presidential Elections from HistoryCentral.com
Grolier Online's The American Presidency
Encyclopedia Britannica's Presidential Elections
Electoral College Boxscores 1789-2000 from the National Archives & Records Administration
The American Presidency - Selected Resources: An Informal Reference Guide
Transcripts of Past Presidential Debates
LIFE at the Conventions--photographic reflections
Biographies of U.S. Presidents
Virtualology.com's Presidents of the United States
White House Information
White House Press Release Summaries Archive Page (EXPERIMENTAL)
PBS's The 30 Second Candidate website

Miller Center of Public Affairs (University of Virginia), mandated to “gather new knowledge about the American presidency and our government”


United States Department of State
U.S. Department Of Commerce Information Services via World Wide Web
Welcome to the Bureau of Labor Statistics!
Department of Health And Human Services
U.S. Department of Education
1996 Digest of Educational Statistics


Inaugural Addresses of the Presidents of the United States. 1989.
Clinton Foundation
George Bush Presidential Library
Ronald Reagan Library
Jimmy Carter Library
Ford Library
Richard M. Nixon Library & Birthplace
Webcorp -- Nixon Audio Archives
LBJ Library
John F. Kennedy Library
Dwight D. Eisenhower Library
Harry Truman Presidential Library and Museum
FDR Presidential Library
Herbert Hoover Presidential Library
Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library
The Thomas Jefferson Papers


FedNet -- HomePage
The United States Senate
U.S. House Of Representatives - Home Page
Congressional Quarterly
Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress, 1774- Present
Catalog of Congressional Bills 103rd-107th Congresses
House - U.S. Federal laws (by source)
The Zipper: Find Congressmen by Zip Code
CQ's On the Job
The Washington Post's Congressional Quarterly's VoteWatch
U.S. Congress Votes Database--the results of every vote cast since 1991
Find Out How Congress Voted
National Performance Review Home Page


Email Addresses of the US Government
Contact your Senator
Contact your Representative


In October of 1998, political watchdog Charles Lewis, author of The Buying of the Congress: How Special Interests Have Stolen Your Right to Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness and Chairman/Executive Director of The Center for Public Integrity, spoke on the Trinity campus. Given the erosion of their political stake in Washington to big money interests, when, Lewis asked, will people finally say "enough"--that "the time to be a bystander is over?" He observed how, for instance, the Fortune 500 corporations had given a quarter of a billion dollars to Congress over the past few years. The result: while in 1956 corporate income taxes accounted for 28% of all federal revenue, forty years later they were down to 10%. And where's the media, one of the traditional guardians of citizens' interests? They, too, are controlled by these very same special interests.  In May of 2002 the Center reported how lobbyists spent $570 million in 34 states--$180 million in California alone-- in Capitol Offenders: How Private Interests Govern Our States.  Other groups keeping track of those buying the candidates:

Center For Responsive Politics In 1996, top-spending candidates won 92% of the House and 88% of the Senate contests. Check out who gave and who received here.

The Environmental Working Group's Dirty Money: Tracking the PACs

FECInfo: "The non-partisan Federal candidate campaign money page."

Opensecrets.org Breakdowns on candidates' funders by geography, profession, and industry.  In April 2009 the Center for Responsive Politics made their huge dataset available to the public through this website.

Maplight.org "brings together campaign contributions and how legislators vote, providing an unprecedented window into the connections between money and politics." Click on "Video Tour" to learn about how to use this most powerful site.

PoliticalMoneyLine, featuring money in politics databases

Follow the Money The National Institute on Money in State Politics

"Under the influence of party machines, lobbyists and special interests"--reports from the Center For Public Integrity


The Federal Judiciary
The Supreme Court of the United States
Gail Partin's Web Guide to U.S. Supreme Court Research
The Supreme Court Law Collection from Cornell
2001 Term Opinions of the Court in their entirety
FindLaw Constitutional Law Center
Federal Courts
United States Department of Justice Home Page


The Patriot Act (HR 3162)
The National Security Archive from George Washington University
Homeland Security


The Center for Voting and Democracy--for proportionate representation
Citizens Against Government Waste
The Public Debt to the Penny
MovingIdeas: The Electronic Policy Network--"Our goal is to improve collaboration and dialogue between policy and grassroots organizations, and to promote their work to journalists and legislators."
Congressional & State Term Limits
Center for Media and Public Affairs


Yahoo! - Social Science:Political Science:Public Policy
The Heritage Foundation:ultra- conservative economic policy institute
Welcome to the Progress and Freedom Foundation WWW Homepage--Newt's favorite
Hoover Institution--conservative policy think group
RAND Home Page--global policy thinktank
Brookings Governmental Studies--more middle-of-the-road
The Concord Coalition--bi-partisan group that focuses on entitlement spending and the budget
National Issues Forums--non-partisan policy study group
National Center for Policy Analysis's "Idea House"--nonprofit, seeking innovative private sector solutions
The Heartland Institute
Institute for the Study of Civic Values
Rockefeller Foundation--global policy, research, and charitable organization
Hubert Humphrey Listserv Archives
The Electronic Policy Network
Citizens for Tax Justice-- liberal economic tax policy
John F. Kennedy School of Government News Office
Open Society Institute Home page (Level 1)
Center for Public Policy Priorities (Austin, TX)
Cato Institute (Libertarian think tank)
Center For National Policy Home Page
Predicting the future using internet Delphi methodology


National Budget Simulation
Reinventing America -- Introduction


So where do you place yourself on the ideological spectrum? Don't really know anymore?  Take Victor Kamber and Bradley S. O'Leary's The Political Quiz Show and find out.

The World's Smallest Political Quiz
Party Politics
United States Institute of Peace - Conflict Resolution Resources
Political Action Committees
The Spectacular State--Fascism


International Workers Bulletin
Workers Party, U.S.A. Home Page
Workers World
Ron Smith Oldies Calendar


Liberals and Libertarians


Yahoo! - Government:Politics:Political Opinion:Liberal
Opposing the Contract with America
The Reactionary Right
Left-Wing Lingo, Ideologies and History
democrat 's Home Page


Yahoo! - Government:Politics:Political Opinion:Conservative
Welcome to The Conservative Link!
Republicans' Contract with America
Newt Gingrich's Renewing American Civilization
American Renaissance
The Right's Agenda - Suzanne Pharr
The 'John Birch Society' Home Page
The John Birch Society
National Review
The New American Magazine


Patriot's WWW Page
The Conspiracy Pages
Oklahoma Bomb Conspiracy Page
Information on Militias


State and Local Government on the Net-- "Only pages that are controlled and managed by state and local government agencies are included."
Window on the Texas State Government from the Comptroller of Public Accounts--a gold mine of info
Prairienet Community Network Homepage: state statutes, constitutions, legislative reviews
National Conference of State Legislatures "Our Mission: Improving the quality and effectiveness of state legislatures; fostering interstate communication and cooperation; ensuring legislatures a strong, cohesive voice in the federal system"
The World Wide Web Virtual Library: Law: State Government


Main European Governmental sites on-line

Voter turnout from 1945 to 1998: A global report on political participation from the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance

Freedom House's Freedom in the World: The Annual Survey of Political Rights and Civil Liberties.  Click here to see its map of freedom 1999.

Rulers--"contains lists of heads of state and heads of government (and, in certain cases, de facto leaders not occupying either of those formal positions) of all countries and territories, going back to about 1700 in most cases"

Government and Politics

Latin American Political Database


ITP Nelson Political Science
Political Science: A Net Station (U British Columbia Library)
Online Resource Guide to Political Inquiry (York University, Toronto)
Canadian Institute of International Affairs
Peace and Security Server of the Canadian Forces College


University of Minnesota Human Rights Library
Human Rights Page
The Internet Advocacy Center
Macrocosm USA Home Page


Yahoo - Political Parodies
Political Babble Generator

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