History of The White Mountains --- Set 01

Bob Jensen at Trinity University 

When walking on the Rim Trail at the summit of Cannon Mountain, what impressed me
is how many mountains there are that cannot be seen from lower altitudes. This Rim Trail photo is only a sampling of those mountains:

Bode Miller learned to ski on Cannon Mountain. He claims if you can ski Cannon you can ski anywhere.

The piles of rocks are trail markers on the Appalachian Trail

The Presidential Range of the White Mountains

Mt. Washington as seen from our driveway

I took this picture in the summer on the Appalachian Trail

This is the Kinsman Range as viewed from our living room

This is Bob and Son Marshall by the cog railroad engine that took us to the summit of Mt. Washington



White Mountains of New Hampshire --- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Mountains_%28New_Hampshire%29

The White Mountains are a mountain range covering about a quarter of the state of New Hampshire and a small portion of western Maine in the United States. Part of the northern Appalachian Mountains, they are the most rugged mountains in New England. The range is heavily visited due to its proximity to Boston and (to a lesser extent) New York City.

Most of the area is public land, including the White Mountain National Forest as well as a number of state parks. Its most famous peak is Mount Washington, which at 6,288 feet (1,917 m) is the highest mountain in the Northeastern U.S. and home to the fastest surface wind gust (231 miles per hour (372 km/h), over 100 m/s, in 1934) measured in the Northern Hemisphere. Mount Washington is one of a line of summits called the Presidential Range, many of which are named after U.S. presidents and other prominent Americans.

In addition, the White Mountains include several smaller groups including the Franconia Range, Sandwich Range, Carter-Moriah Range, Kinsman Range and Pilot Range. In all, there are forty-eight peaks over 4,000', known as a group as the Four-thousand footers.

The Whites are known for their system of alpine huts for hikers, operated by the Appalachian Mountain Club. The Appalachian Trail crosses the area from southwest to northeast.

There has been much discussion of the origin of the name "White Mountains". This name and similar ones such as "White Hills" or "Wine Hills" are found in literature from colonial times. According to tradition, the mountains were first sighted from shipboard off the coast near the Piscataqua estuary. The highest peaks would often be snow-capped. An alternate theory is that the mica-laden granite of the summits looked "white" to observers.

Continued in article



Resources and Links
Additional places for more information 

Abandoned Towns:

          Carrigain:  With a photo album

          Hastings, Maine:  With photo album

          Johnson and Little Canada: With a photo album

          Livermore: With an Audio Slide Show and
                            photo album

          Zealand: With a photo album

Album of Watercolors, c.1862 
Courtesy Dartmouth College Library  

Art of Homesteading: 
The exhibit at the Remick Museum

Bits and Pieces
Interesting, little known bits of  White Mountain History

Bretton Woods, 1884 
 Describes and pictures the buildings that existed late in                   the 19th century

Cog Railway

Crawford Notch:

With a photo album and Suggested  Reading List

Dartmouth College 
Might Have Been in Landaff

Christian Science Church at  Fabyans

Early Movies on Mt. Washington
Including 1904 Auto Race up the Mountain and  1905 First Glidden Tour           

Early Homes, Barns and Mills 
Volume I Lisbon, Lyman, Landaff and Sugar Hill.  
Volume II  Bath, West Bath, and more of Lyman 
               (These are remarkable albums.)

 Early Turnpikes:
Tenth New Hampshire Turnpike  
with much  new information

Jefferson Turnpike It still exists and you can drive on it

Winnipissiogee Turnpike(but it was never built)

Fabyan Guard Cabin

Fire Lookout Towers
With over 40 photos

Fire on the Summit of Mt. Washington, 1908
With photos  

Franconia Iron Works: 
One of most informative pages with a 15-minute video discussing 
 the iron furnace and production and a 22-minute video about the iron mines.  Also a photo album including products of the 
Franconia Iron Works.


Historical Markers
There are over 40 State of New Hampshire Historical Markers  within the White  Mountains. With Map
Kearsarge Peg Mill: 
This peg mill, in Bartlett, is the last operating peg mill  in North America. We have a 20-minute video of the mill in               operation, narrated by its present owner, and a photo album 

Logging Railroads: 
One of the most popular sections of this website and all  with photo albums.

                 Composite Map
                 Showing all the Logging  Railroads

                 What Did It Cost to Build a Logging railroad?

          Bartlett and Albany RR
          Beebe River RR

          Conway Lumber Co

          East Branch RR

          East Branch and Lincoln RR
          and a photo album of Lincoln

          Gale River Logging Railroad
          Gordon Pond RR
          Rocky Branch RR

          Saco Valley RR

          Sawyer River RR     

          Woodstock and Thornton Gore RR   
              Woodstock Lumber Co and photo album of         

 Maps of the White Mountains:
           Cartography in the White Mountains 
             by Adam Jared Apt
           Twenty-Five Early Maps with Descriptions

                   Thirty More Scarce Maps 

             1805 Town Survey Maps created  for                                      the  Carrigian Map

             All of Franklin Leavitt's Maps
                Three Manuscript maps by Franklin Leavitt   

              White Mountain National Forest Maps
              Sanborn Fire Insurance Maps

Paleoindians in the White Mountains
Introduction by Peter Crane and articles by Dick Boisvert and others 


People and Personalities:

           Samuel Bemis and Notchland

          The Crawford Family

           English Jack

          Joseph Seavey Hall

           James E. Henry

           Evan Kelly

          Eleazar Rosebrook


Photographs by J.W. Black  1854

Portland & Ogdensburg Railroad:
History and photo album of construction of the railroad                    

Profile & Franconia Notch Railroad


Redstone Granite Quarries:
Includes two photo albums; one with vintage photos and the other showing the site as it is today. 

Stickney Chapel and Stickney Mausoleum.
  Includes the Bretton Woods Boys Choir. Over 50 photos            

Summit Hotels and Other Structures

Tourism and Hotels:

          Crawford House With 3 photo albums. One
           album illustrates the hotel and surroundings,one includes                photos taken at the scene of the fire  and another with                    photos taken at the auction of the contents.

        Early  Cabins and Tourist Camps  An entertaining                       slide show
Fabyan House With photo album

        Glen House  With photo album

        Metallak Hotel  A Grand Hotel to be but it blew down before             it was completed.  

Mt. Pleasant Hotel  With photo album (Much new
            information about
this hotel)

        Mt. Washington Hotel  With photo album

        Profile House With Photo Album 


Erika beside our tiny pond

I brag about my Impatiens for the Sun (from a later summer)

A storm cloud as seen from my desk

A sunrise as seen from my desk (one of my favorite pictures)



Set 1 --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/Tidbits/Mountains/Set01/MountainsSet01.htm   

Set 2 --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/Tidbits/Mountains/Set02/MountainsSet02.htm    
              This set includes White Mountain hiking trail photographs

Bob Jensen's Favorite Pictures of Mt. Lafayette 10 Miles Distant
With nine pages quoted from Bill Bryson's traumatic climb up Mt. Lafayette
A Walk in the Woods by Bill Bryson (Anchor Books, 2007)

More of Bob Jensen's Pictures and Stories

WhiteMountainHistory.org --- http://whitemountainhistory.org/
Over 70 Historical Photographs --- http://photos.whitemountainhistory.org/AlbumHomeView.aspx

Blogs of White Mountain Hikers (many great photographs) ---

Especially note the archive of John Compton's blogs at the bottom of the page at

AMC White Mountain Guide:  Hiking Trails in the White Mountain National Forest ---

Find Hiking Trails --- http://www.traillink.com/?gclid=CPPLy8-wt7ECFYNx4AodR2QAsQ


On May 14, 2006 I retired from Trinity University after a long and wonderful career as an accounting professor in four universities. I was generously granted "Emeritus" status by the Trustees of Trinity University. My wife and I now live in a cottage in the White Mountains of New Hampshire ---

Bob Jensen's Blogs --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/JensenBlogs.htm
Current and past editions of my newsletter called New Bookmarks --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookurl.htm
Current and past editions of my newsletter called Tidbits --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/TidbitsDirectory.htm
Current and past editions of my newsletter called Fraud Updates --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/FraudUpdates.htm
Bob Jensen's past presentations and lectures --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/resume.htm#Presentations   

Our address is 190 Sunset Hill Road, Sugar Hill, New Hampshire
Our cottage was known as the Brayton Cottage in the early 1900s
Sunset Hill is a ridge overlooking with New Hampshire's White Mountains to the East
and Vermont's Green Mountains to the West


Bob Jensen's Threads --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/threads.htm

Bob Jensen's Home Page --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/