Tidbits on January 14, 2021
Bob Jensen at Trinity University

Set 2 of My Photographs:  Year 2020 in Review


Tidbits on January 14, 2021
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Bob Jensen's Tidbits ---

For earlier editions of Fraud Updates go to http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/FraudUpdates.htm
For earlier editions of New Bookmarks go to http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookurl.htm 
Bookmarks for the World's Library --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookbob2.htm 

My Latest Web Document
Over 400 Examples of Critical Thinking and Illustrations of How to Mislead With Statistics --

Bob Jensen's search helpers --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/searchh.htm

Bob Jensen's World Library --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Bookbob2.htm

Animated  Visualization of the United States’ Exploding Population Growth Over 200 Years (1790 – 2010) ---
A Visualization of the United States’ Exploding Population Growth Over 200 Years (1790 – 2010)

USA Debt Clock --- http://www.usdebtclock.org/ ubl

In September 2017 the USA National Debt exceeded $20 trillion for the first time ---

Human Population Over Time on Earth ---

Online Video, Slide Shows, and Audio

An Animated Introduction to Baruch Spinoza: The “Philosopher’s Philosopher” ---

Nature Is Speaking – Julia Roberts is Mother Nature | Conservation International (CI) ---

Aerial View of Sugar Hill, NH --- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ATDjsJUi7M

Foliage in Sugar Hill, NH --- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lOPSUMWbclU

Foliage at the Sunset Hill House Hotel in Sugar Hill, NH --- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RowlAA9XIno

History of the Sunset Hill House Resort in Sugar Hill, NH 000 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T3uqK8T1ZDc

Lupines in Sugar Hill, NH --- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H7-1jCk4Ak0

Lupines in New Hampshire --- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rOR1vTHZjPo

Four Seasons at the  Sunset Hill House Hotel (near our cottage) ---
Watch the video

Free music downloads --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/music.htm
In the past I've provided links to various types of music and video available free on the Web. 
I created a page that summarizes those various links --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/music.htm 

Music to Lift Your Spirits ---

Bob Jensen's Links to Free Music

Photographs and Art

Nashville Building Damage Due to Bomb ---

Slide Show:  Wyman Meinzer, Texas State Photographer ---

Slide Show:  Beautiful State Parks ---

MIT's Best Photographs for 2020 ---

Behold an Interactive Online Edition of Elizabeth Twining’s Illustrations of the Natural Orders of Plants (1868) ---

Bob Jensen's threads on art history ---

Bob Jensen's threads on history, literature and art ---

Online Books, Poems, References, and Other Literature
In the past I've provided links to various types electronic literature available free on the Web. 
I created a page that summarizes those various links --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm

Bob Jensen's threads on libraries --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookbob2.htm#---Libraries

Online Poems and Poet Finders ---

Banned (Forbidden) Books ---

Free Electronic Literature --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm
Free Online Textbooks, Videos, and Tutorials --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm#Textbooks
Free Tutorials in Various Disciplines --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Bookbob2.htm#Tutorials
Edutainment and Learning Games --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/thetools.htm#Edutainment
Open Sharing Courses --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/updateee.htm#OKI

Now in Another Tidbits Document
Political Quotations on January 14, 2021

Chronicle of Higher Education
Many People Are Seeing Different Facts: Carnegie Mellon Official’s Emails Cast Doubt on the Integrity of the 2020 Election


Doubts about the validity of the 2020 presidential election emerged in an unlikely place late last week — the Institute for Politics and Strategy at Carnegie Mellon University.

“Many people are seeing different facts and parts of the story about what happened in each state,” wrote Kiron K. Skinner, the institute’s director and a professor, on Thursday to colleagues. “In many cases, there simply isn’t just one set of facts. A research project for some group of us would be to investigate on our own the election outcome in a handful of states. We could be surprised at what we find.”

Skinner, who served on President Trump’s transition team and worked in his administration in the State Department, sent this email and others just one day after a violent mob broke into the U.S. Capitol, spurred on by Trump and right-wing provocateurs falsely alleging election fraud. Her messages — sent to, by some estimates, at least 100 colleagues — at times appeared to express sympathy to those who supported these ideas.

Carnegie Mellon is far from alone in employing or hosting current and former lawmakers and appointees, who often teach at colleges as fellows or visiting professors. President-elect Joe Biden is a professor of practice at the University of Pennsylvania.

But Trump officials have brought sharp criticism when they come to colleges, in part because of the president’s propensity for lying and campuses’ stated missions to seek truth. Marc Short, Trump’s former legislative-affairs director, served as a senior fellow at the University of Virginia’s Miller Center. Multiple people left the university in protest of his hire. Harvard University hosted several Trump officials, including the former press secretary Sean Spicer, as fellows.

The stakes of such appointments are perhaps even higher after Wednesday, when the president incited his supporters with lies undercutting the validity of the election. The controversy at Carnegie Mellon suggests as much. As social-media platforms and corporations break ties with Trump and his enablers, colleges may find hiring officials from his administration to be both too controversial and too compromising.

The controversy began when Skinner’s institute published a news release about Richard Grenell, a Trump appointee halfway into his year as a senior fellow at Carnegie Mellon’s Institute for Politics and Strategy. Grenell, who was hired by Skinner, has used his Twitter account to spread dismissed claims about election fraud. The release publicized two recent recognitions Grenell received from Trump. It was dated Wednesday, the day rioters broke into the Capitol.

Several people at the university expressed disgust over the timing of the announcement. “Academic freedom is important, but you’re trumpeting evil,” wrote David Andersen, a computer-science professor, on Twitter.

One professor emailed his concerns to a large group that included top administrators, his department’s faculty members, and some students. The university’s president, Farnam Jahanian, replied, saying to colleagues that he shared their concerns and had urged the Institute for Politics and Strategy to remove the post.

Continued in article

Jensen Question
Would your university punish faculty or students who question the integrity of the 2020 election?
It's not politically correct to investigate or question the validity of this election.

Bob Jensen's threads on how to be politically correct in academe ---

Good News Tidbits

The Dream:  21 Rags to Riches Stories ---

Harvard and Stanford MBA grads reveal the most important benefits they got from business school, besides their education ---
This is not a free article. What I found most interesting is where these graduates ended up in a relatively short period of time. Many graduates interviewed here tended to take risks and end up in their own companies. Getting an MBA from a prestigious university is not all about becoming a high-paid consultant or executive in a giant corporation. The article does not discuss the failed adventures.

Surprise Ending for Publishers: In 2020, Business Was Good ---
People in lockdown soon grow weary of repetitive TV commercials and actually turn to reading both in hard copy and on electronic devices.
Remote learners relied more on their textbooks.

Recycling Success Story:  75% of All Aluminum Produced Has Been Recycled

Since independence, Bangladesh is flourishing

CDC:  A Record Low for Positive Flu Tests ---
Masks prevent more illnesses than just Covid-19

Every Single Country Has Seen a Drop in Infant and Child Deaths Since 1950 ---

A Monster Wind Turbine Is Upending an Industry ---

Ingenious Concrete-Filled Trains Act as Giant Batteries ---

No BS! Cow manure could be answer to creating renewable energy for heat in the winter ---

Australia Has a Mobile Shower and Laundry Service for the Homeless

Meanwhile the homeless in San Francisco are staying in luxury hotels with free food, booze, pot, narcotics, and medical care

One in Five Australian Homes Now Has Solar Panels ---

Bad News Tidbits

Retracted scientific paper persists in new citations, study finds ---

Texas A&M students busted in massive cheating scandal blame their school ---

Over 70 West Point Cadets Accused of Cheating on Calculus Exam ---

Study suggests great earthquakes cause of Arctic warming ---
The real bad news is that trillions spent on green initiatives won't prevent earthquakes. Of course this study that earthquakes cause Arctic warming could be all wet.

Little-noticed provision in new COVID-19 relief bill would slash aid for colleges and universities with large endowments in half ---

WHY THE HATE? 2020's most anti-conservative actions, statements on campus ---

Porch pirate pandemic: 43% of online shoppers had a package stolen in 2020! ---
Jensen Comment
In my opinion the study's sample size is too small, but package stealing is almost certainly on the rise and will probably become worse as more and more people go back to work and school. The study does not delve into demographic factors, but I suspect that package theft likelihood correlates highly with population with tiny villages being less vulnerable than urban and suburban homes. Small village neighbors often look out for their neighbors and tend to know their package delivery drivers on a first-name basis. In these mountains packages are delivered inside my garage that's never locked. When we lived in San Antonio it would've be insane not to lock our garage. Nearly half the homes in our San Antonio neighborhood had experienced break-ins (many from the same thief) when nobody was home. I think our burglar bars on a brick home kept our house more safe. When we weren't home in San Antonio delivery drivers left a notice, and we had to go to get our undelivered packages.

Thieves Target Vehicles For Precious Metal Inside Catalytic Converters ---

The worst technology failures of 2020 ---

The Biggest Literary Scandals of 2020 ---

An NCAA rule change is about to unlock millions in potential income for college athletes. Here's how 3 are planning to cash in ---

. . .

Last April, an NCAA board of governors voted to move forward with plans allowing student-athletes to make money off their name, image, and likeness (NIL). While specifics are still in negotiation, and the vote scheduled for this month has been delayed, it's still possible that in this calendar year, student-athletes will be able to profit off their personal brands for the first time in history. The NCAA did not respond to requests for comment.

This development marks a monumental turning point for student-athletes. The change in NIL rules will open the door for hundreds of thousands of entrepreneurial undergraduates like Clapper to turn their image into income, a paradigm shift that will unlock millions, if not billions, in potential revenue.

In the pro sports realm, endorsements account for billions in revenue a year, with star athletes like LeBron James and Roger Federer making far more money from their publicity rights than from their salary, according to previous reporting from InsiderAnalysts predict that individual student-athletes, depending on a variety of factors, could make anywhere from $500 - $2 million a year off of their NIL.

This potential goldrush is not limited to student-athletes, either. Sports agents, marketing agencies, and other third-party businesses have all begun preparing themselves for the opportunity; almost overnight, brand-new markets will open up in the college-athletics landscape. 

Analysts that spoke with Insider were reluctant to size this massive new market, but experts and students agree: College athletics will never be the same. 

Jensen Comment
I'm against this for various reasons, although my objections vary with circumstances. This is a potential negative for team sports where a star making millions in endorsements depends heavily upon teammates who make little or nothing in income. A money making star on the team may be even more critical of teammates whose weak performance depreciates the value of a money-making star on the team. Secondly, athletes have enough trouble keeping up with the academic side of college. Making money is an added distraction, especially when it entails travel, production time, etc.  The article talks about LeBron James and Roger Federer who became professional athletes without attending college.

Lastly, colleges may be tempted to invest time and money into potential stars with implied agreements that this investment will be returned over time. This could even become a recruiting tactic to lure potential stars to participate in campus sports.

Most of all I disagree with this initiative because having a paid star on a team of unpaid stars can be highly dysfunctional to team cooperation and spirit.

Book Reviews

New book on Undergraduate Research by Palgrave-Macmillan / Springer---

Boston Globe's 55 Top Picks for 2020 ---

A Letter to My Children Regarding Bernie Sanders ---
A study of Bernie's past reveals a very dangerous man who could bring down the USA

M1 Money Supply --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Money_supply
Especially note the section on M1's link with inflation

QE Quantitative Easing --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantitative_easing
Especially note the section on Risks and Side Effects

What's Behind the Surge in M1 Money Supply? ---

The New York Times:  74 of Our Favorite Facts for 2020 ---

The New York Times Reporters Are Now Getting the Russian Covid Vaccine ---
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/08/world/europe/russian-vaccine.html?action=click&module=Editors Picks&pgtype=Homepage

Does Time Really Flow? New Clues Come From a Century-Old Approach to Math ---
The laws of physics imply that the passage of time is an illusion. To avoid this conclusion, we might have to rethink the reality of infinitely precise numbers.
This is over my head! I always know when it's 5:00 pm in my time zone.

Reply from a Senior Computer Science Professor with a Ph.D. in Mathmatics

Hi Bob,

OMG, I am so happy that you sent this!  It's über exciting to me!!!

The article has some interesting things to say about Intuitionism; it's a decent exposition. But then it relates it to physics.  Of course, I have only a casual understanding of the physics; it's just wonderful that somebody has finally come around to see the importance of intuitionism, even in the physical world!

For decades I have kinda identify as an Intuitionist … if not even a Finitist!; to date, it's mostly been an issue in the philosophy of mathematics (the foundations of mathematics).  My interest in Intuitionism actually predates my interest in logic, another long-time interest.  In fact my combined interest in logic and Intuitionism (Constructivity) were what led me into Computer Science!  And in fact, 50 years ago I felt that intuitionist mathematics would be a far more suitable approach to physics than classical mathematics.  Of course, I never became much of a researcher in logic or Intuitionism (and certainly not Physics!).  So my "dream" always remain just that: a naïve supposition.  But now I find out that someone actually is using intuitionist math to describe physics.  I'm thrilled!

So anyway: thanks!

The Best Ways to Digitize Old Photos, Tapes and Discs So Your Memories Live On ---

If my son asked me today to see video of my late grandfather, whose name he bears, I’d be in trouble.

First, I’d have to locate the VHS tapes. Then I’d have to hunt down a gray-market VCR. ($500 and up for defunct technology!) Then I’d have to meet in some other dark alley for a converter box to hook it up to my fancy smart TV. Then I’d have to hope that, back in 1996, someone was kind and did in fact rewind.

Luckily, my 3-year-old only asks for “Dora the Explorer.”

Technology allows us to preserve the stories of people who die—assuming the technology doesn’t die, too.

The idea of old photos and videos being lost in obsolete media formats was something I thought about a lot as I was producing “E-Ternal: A Tech Quest to ‘Live’ Forever,” a documentary about death and technology.

It’s something viewers have written to me about, too. Some even suggested in emails that paper is the best solution to ensuring stories are passed down. Of course, I never met a piece of paper that improved in time—or in fire. Printouts are great, but they’re not the same as digital copies living on a rugged hard drive or up in the cloud for the entire family to access.

Converting old media into digital files might not sound like your idea of a good time, but it doesn’t have to be a struggle. Here are some tips on how to make these older formats enjoyable in 2021.

Old Photos

There are really two routes to digitizing any old media: 1) Source some specialized hardware, roll up your sleeves and do it yourself, or 2) outsource.

Photographs and prints are the easiest to do yourself. The most efficient route? Invest in the $600 Epson FastFoto FF-680W scanner. Put a stack of photos—even Polaroids—in the tray and it scans them in bulk, a photo as fast as every second, sending them to your computer via USB or Wi-Fi. Epson’s software helps with assigning years to each of the photo’s metadata and has simple color-restoration and editing tools. It’ll even scan the backs with the fronts, to preserve any writing or time stamps that are visible.

While it’s pricey, the cost is worth it if you’re dealing with hundreds of photos. Plus, the scanner is something you can share with family members or friends who are daunted by their own photo troves.

Don’t want to spend that much? iOS and Android apps like Google Photoscan or Photomyne’s Photo Scan App let you use your smartphone’s camera to capture the photos. Find a table with good light, and point and shoot—without getting your hand-puppet shadow in the way. The apps will automatically crop out the surface. Just set aside plenty of time and prioritize the most important images, since you have to go photo by photo with this option.


If any of that sounds like a headache, just ship your photos to the pros at services like ScanMyPhotos.com and Memories Renewed. Gather your photos, organize them by year, get some bubble wrap and pop them in the mail. ScanMyPhoto will even send you a prepaid label and shipping box. The services will then digitize them, giving you options to get them on a DVD, USB drive or cloud download. The companies send back the originals. I used ScanMyPhotos a few years back and was quite satisfied with the turnaround time, the quality of the scanned images and the care taken with my original prints.

Old Slides

Those services will also take your old slides—35mm and other formats. But I recently discovered the thrill of scanning those myself. Inspired by my uncle, who scanned hundreds of 35mm slides during quarantine, I bought the $160 Kodak Scanza Digital Film Scanner.

Just power up the coffee-tin-size device, pop your slide or negative into the appropriate tray and slide it into the machine. You can see the image on the built-in screen. Hit the camera button to save the photo to an SD card. Sadly, there’s no easy way to assign dates to the photos—you’ll have to do that afterward in your photo-editing program of choice.

If you’re looking to do some quick and dirty slide scans, try the Photomyne’s SlideScan app for iOS and Android. Hold your slide up to a backlit surface (your computer’s web browser pointed to photomyne.com/backlight is great) then snap a photo. The app automatically crops and brightens the image. The quality wasn’t great, but it’s a nice way to figure out what’s hiding on those old negatives.

ld Tapes

Converting videotapes—be they VHS, Betamax, MiniDV, Video8 or some other ancient format—requires a device that can play them. Then you need another device to record the video, like this $170 ClearClick Video2Digital Converter 2.0. There are other ways to do this, too, including hooking the VCR or old video camera up to your computer via a converter like this

It’s a lot. There are plenty of online services that do tape conversion, too, including ScanMyPhotos, Memories Renewed and Legacy Box. Also, Costco, CVS, Walmart and other retailers use a third-party service called YesVideo. Drop the tapes off at a local store and they’ll take care of the rest for you.

Many of them will also handle your old audiocassettes. You can also try one of these cassette-to-MP3 converter gadgets.

Old DVDs

All those services will convert DVDs to digital files, too, although doing that on your own is simple.

Continued in article

Bob Jensen's threads on Tricks and Tools of the Trade for Educators ===

How to Mislead With Statistics

Why immigration doesn't reduce wages ---

Jensen Comment
The above article is misleading in many ways. The most important missing piece is the impact of legal and illegal immigration on the trillion-dollar underground economy where employers often hire below minimum wage. Even when skilled workers are hired above minimum wage (think house cleaners, electricians, plumbers, and skilled mechanics) they often are not given benefits like health insurance, retirement funds, unemployment insurance, workers compensation insurance, etc. On the other side of the coin those illegal wages are not usually taxed.

The fact that an enormous underground economy exists is no secret. For 24 years I lived in San Antonio --- a sink hole for undocumented workers who have migrated illegally across the nearby Rio Grande River. Each morning large numbers of these persons seeking work in the underground economy collect on selected street corners where employers, often in vans and pickup trucks, openly pile workers into vehicles and take them to job sites on ranches, construction sites, landscaping work sites, buildings to be cleaned, day care centers, etc.

For labor that is unionized one of the motivations for employers to hire in the underground economy (think bricklayers and truck drivers) is to avoid the higher costs of union wages and benefits. The incentive for underground workers is obtain work when they are not in the union.

This begs the question of why federal and state governments do not do more to shut down the giant underground economy. I think the reason law enforcement tends to overlook the underground economy is for humanitarian purposes. Most of those underground workers (skilled and unskilled) are seeking to support families, often very large families in the USA or families back in their home countries. A enormous number of children will go hungry and even die without the wages earned in the underground economies.

A huge part of the underground economy is made up of employers performing illegal activities such as criminal gangs that steal vehicles and transport those vehicles to chop shops where immigrant workers disassemble those vehicles for parts sold in the underground economy. Others are employed for drug running, prostitution, extortion, etc. My point here is that shutting down the underground economy will not guarantee that workers in that economy will find employment in the legal economy.

To the extent that the employers are performing legal work (think roofers and landscapers) with underground economy workers does in fact take jobs away from the legitimate labor market. This reduces demand for such workers and puts pressure on employers to keep legitimate wages and benefits low. Low wages are a reason some legitimate workers prefer to not do some stressful and uncomfortable jobs such as digging ou sweet potatoes in Alabama or replacing roofs on burning hot days.

Harvard Business Review:  Imagine a Hiring Process Without Resumes (or other background checks) ---

. . .

While it may not be feasible for every business, the concept of “open hiring” is an innovative, counterintuitive strategy worth considering if your organization finds it difficult to recruit and retain dependable entry-level workers. This approach, which eschews resumes, interviews, and background checks, focuses solely on human potential and provides employment to anyone willing and able to work. Some of these requirements, like background checks, may be necessary in sectors such as education, government, healthcare, and finance. But for industries that rely heavily on front-line talent — manufacturing, distribution, retail, and food services, where candidates can be trained on the job — open hiring offers the opportunity for more diverse talent that would otherwise be passed over or ignored.

Open hiring shifts resources to invest in workers, rather than finding ways to exclude them. Most important, this approach allows companies to build more resilient businesses and address one of today’s greatest social challenges: providing economic opportunities for people often viewed as unemployable.

Since 1982, Greyston Bakery in Yonkers, New York, which produces millions of pounds of baked goods annually for customers like Ben & Jerry’s and Whole Foods Market, has used this approach while building a successful business with 70 Open Hire employees. New hires are offered a position when their name comes up next on the list of people who have expressed interest in working at the bakery. No resume, job interview, background check, or drug test is required. As a result, the business has virtually no hiring costs.

Greyston then invests about $1,900 in hard and soft skills training for new bakers, as well as providing access to extensive wraparound services. Understanding that a job is just the first step for many in achieving success, the bakery connects employees with health, housing, childcare, and transportation needs to resources that will help keep them employed. So, when a young baker starts consistently showing up late for work, a counselor intervenes and may discover the employee’s childcare arrangements have fallen apart. The counselor then works with the employee to find a solution that benefits his family and the business.

This model has enabled Greyston to build a profitable business over its 38-year history, while also putting money back into the community of southwest Yonkers. Greyston recently calculated that it generates nearly $7 million of local economic impact annually through public assistance savings, increased tax revenue, as well as reduced incarceration costs.

Greyston is now working to scale open hiring and guide other employers in adopting this innovative staffing approach through its Center for Open Hiring (one of us, Sara, is the director). About half a dozen businesses have successfully adapted this model to their operations.

One such company is The Body Shop, the international cosmetics company, which piloted open hiring in one of its distribution centers. The Body Shop typically hires 200 seasonal employees to handle the holiday rush in its warehouse located in Raleigh, North Carolina. Adopting the open hiring approach in late 2019, recruiters asked people just three questions:

  1. Are you legal to work in the U.S.?
  2. Can you stand on your feet for eight hours?
  3. Can you lift up to 50 pounds?

The results? Executives said they were able to quickly fill positions with fewer resources during the holiday rush. Turnover among the seasonal workers was down 60% over the previous year and warehouse productivity increased by 13%. Management reported the best hiring season in the distribution center in years. Due to this success, The Body Shop now is expanding this new hiring practice to other entry level positions in their retail stores.

While your company may not be able to adopt open hiring as broadly as Greyston Bakery, it is possible to apply parts of the practice — and philosophy — to ease your hiring challenges in specific departments or functions. Here are four keys that are essential for open hiring to succeed:

Tie Open Hiring to the Company’s Mission

“You have to be passionate and persistent,” said Trish Patton, vice president of HR at The Body Shop. “I wasn’t going to drop this idea. It’s what we should be doing for our business and our communities, and it leads back to our purpose — that we exist to fight for a fairer more beautiful world.” As with any strategy, you must tie the benefits of open hiring back to your business needs and, once committed, successfully navigate any barriers to implementation. For instance, Patton reports, “We thought we had to roll out unconscious bias training to our managers before we could do this. But, instead, we said there’s never a good time to do this. We have to start sometime. You don’t have to have it perfect. Just try to make change a little bit at a time.”

Continued in article

Jensen Comment
Why do the authors make an exception allowing background checks for all government jobs but not all private sector jobs?

In my opinion, employers that are not allowed to look at resumes and make background checks will instead develop skills testing that can become more discriminatory. For example, a law firm that cannot ask about previous experience of a job applicant may resort to a fairly stiff law exam that favors candidates with greater testing skills.

Fall 2021 Law School Admissions Update: Applicants Are Up 31%, With Biggest Increases Among The Highest LSAT Bands And Applicants Of Color ---
Down the road, what are we going to do with all those lawyers?

Another Example of Replacing Labor With Machines
MIT:  Tree shakers, mechanical sweepers, sorters, scanners, packers, processors, and water stress sensors have revolutionized walnut farming ---


How to Mislead With Statistics

Research: Women Are Better Leaders During a Crisis ---

Jensen Comment
Firstly, I wonder if this study would have been published by Harvard if the data revealed men are better leaders in a crisis. In this era I doubt it.

Irrespective of how the survey data turned out, I don't like comparing opinion poll averages of gender differences in leadership "during a crisis." Crises are highly specific events in specific circumstances. They vary from such extremes as a local crisis (think of someone passing out in a presidential cabinet meeting) to very global crisis (think of missiles sinking of a USA aircraft carrier in the China Sea or Persian Gulf). I think gender differences are negligible compared with a person's unique history, training, experience, personality, data understanding, etc. in a particular crisis at a particular time. We're not dealing with fungible items in stationary processes with most types of "crises."

The study is not restricted to a particular types of crises such as when pilots experience engine failures in fighter aircraft. The study refers to any type of crisis, and I think the survey outcomes are garbage with respect to leadership in every type of crisis in every type of circumstance. There are instances where a particular leader, man or woman, can step up to the plate like a rather lousy leader in many respects named Winston Churchill stepped forward marvelously when Hitler was on the verge of taking over all of Europe.

Of course there are types of crises were gender might be an important element of leadership, but there are certainly many other types of crises where gender is probably irrelevant among all the most important factors affecting great leadership at the moment.

Michigan State University will require students to live on campus for two years, following the direction of other research universities ---

Jensen Comment
When I was on the faculty of MSU in the late 1960s, many students took basic courses (think basic accounting and basic economics) in the basements of their dorms where courses were delivered live from a television studio on campus. It would be interesting to learn how those courses are now taught on campus. Students could interact with the teacher in the studio.

The Least Reliable New Cars (some are very expensive) ---

01  2021 Fiat 500X (the least reliable)
02 2021 Jeep Renegade
03 2021 Land Rover Range Rover Evoque
04 2021 Land Rover Discovery Sport
05  2021 Maserati Ghibli
06 2021 Ford Explorer
07 2021 Mercedes-Benz GLE
08 2021 Lexus LS
09 2021 Kia Forte
10 2021 GMC Sierra 1500
11 2021 Chevrolet Silverado 1500
12 2021 Chevrolet Malibu
13 2021 Alfa Romeo Stelvio
14 2021 Mercedes-Benz GLS
15 2021 Ford Escape
16 2021 2021 Land Rover Range Rover Velar
17 2021 Land Rover Range Rover
18 2021 Dodge Durango
19 2021 Volvo S90
20 2021 Volkswagen Jetta

The Psychology of Marginal Utility ---

Jensen Comment
When reading about wealth having diminishing marginal utility I thought about the varying behavior of some billionaires. I once attended a luncheon on the Trinity University campus where Sam Walton and his daughter Alice (now the richest woman in the world) were present (Alice graduated from Trinity years ago with a degree in economics). In most respects, Sam Walton lived a relatively modest life compared to many other billionaires who invest more heavily in yachts and ultra expensive homes and sports franchises having lower expected financial returns relative to other investment alternatives. It was clear to me when listening to Sam Walton that he preferred living modestly while putting his wealth in more stores, warehouses, and trucks relative to other billionaires who "invest" in alternatives with lower returns.

Then I thought how different the richest man in the world (Elon Musk) is from Warren Buffett (who is not far behind and has a more diversified portfolio). When Elon Musk recently moved from California to Texas he said state taxes played a huge part in his decision. I don't know that Warren Buffett has ever considered moving from Nebraska that has the highest state taxes in the USA.

It seems to me that the diminishing marginal utility of wealth varies greatly with individuals, with age, and with events (such as family tragedies). This variability makes it very hard to make generalizations about such marginal utility in general. There is also utility in investments apart from expected financial returns and financial risk. I think owners of NFL and NBA franchises enjoy the media attention and other non-financial perks that come from ownership in those franchises relative to investors of equal wealth who have little interest in such media attention and perks that come from owning sports franchises.

In fact Sam Walton probably would've avoided buying a sports franchise that had promise of an extremely high long-term rate of return. In contrast, Jerry Jones sunk nearly all of his wealth into buying the Dallas Cowboys even if his pizza parlors offered (hypothetically)  a much more promising rate of return with global expansion. The media does not give a whole lot of attention to owners of pizza parlors.

A Small Tax Change Is a Boon for Permanent Life Insurance (especially for wealthy taxpayers)  ---

Federal lawmakers’ big year-end spending package includes a little-noticed revision of the tax code that is likely to boost sales of life insurance, particularly for wealthy Americans.

The law lowers a minimum interest rate used to determine whether combination savings and death-benefit policies known as permanent life insurance are too much like investments to qualify for tax advantages granted to insurance. The interest-rate floor was put in place in 1984 to weed out policies that were mostly investment vehicles with a thin layer of insurance. Lowering the rate allows owners to put more in the savings portion.

And it makes it more feasible for insurers to offer policies, since rates have tumbled so far in the past decade that the 1980s-era minimum limit is now well above long-term government-bond yields. That has led insurers to warn they might quit selling some of the policies.

The reduction in the interest-rate assumption was effective Jan.1 on new sales.

A summary by the U.S. House staff said the revision was necessary “to reflect economic realities” and give consumers “access to financial security via permanent life-insurance policies.”

“It will create some new opportunities for clients,” said Katie Nentwick, a managing director at Long Road Risk Management Services LLC in Phoenix, which assists investment advisers with arranging and managing insurance plans.

Owners of permanent-life policies defer taxes on their investment gains, and their beneficiaries receive the death benefit tax-free. The policies are designed to be in place for a buyer’s entire life, and allow a buyer to accumulate money to help fund the policy’s future costs and to tap prior to death.

The year-end change by Congress will generally increase the amount of money that policyholders can contribute to their so-called cash-value accounts, though some restrictions remain. This change applies to buyers of all income levels, though wealthier people would typically be better able to afford extra payments into a policy.

“Given the impending rise of income-tax rates, this represents a unique opportunity for high-net-worth investors and investment advisers,” Ms. Nentwick said. She said it could take months to know details of how it will play out, as many insurers must redesign products and obtain regulatory approvals.

An analysis by the Joint Committee on Taxation in May showed that the lower interest-rate assumptions could reduce federal income-tax revenue by about $3.3 billion over 10 years.

Continued in article

The Economic Journal of The Royal Economic Society
Evidence of relationship strains in families with teenage daughters:  Including Higher Family Divorce Rates When Daughters are Aged 13-18 ---

Are couples with daughters more likely to divorce than couples with sons? Using Dutch registry and U.S. survey data, we show that couples with daughters face higher risks of divorce, but only when daughters are 13 to 18 years old. These age-specific results run counter to explanations involving overarching, time-invariant preferences for sons and sex-selection into live birth. We propose another explanation that involves relationship strains in families with teenage daughters. In subsample analyses, we find larger child-gender differences in divorce risks for parents whose attitudes towards gender-roles are likely to differ from those of their daughters and partners. We also find survey evidence of relationship strains in families with teenage daughters.

Jensen Comment
This might be a useful study when teaching cause versus correlation to students. It is relatively easy to find spurious correlations that are unlikely causal models, the classic of which is the discovery of correlation between changes in the number of stork nests in Denmark with changes in Danish birth rates ---

Studies like the one above in The Economic Journal are trickier to conclude that the correlations are not reflective of underlying causes.

You can read comments about this study by economists at

My threads on cause vs. correlation art at
Bob Jensen's Illustrations of Critical Thinking (trinity.edu)
A problem sometimes arises when an unknown factor that affects both correlated variables. For example, is it possible that climate changes affect both the number of the number of Danish stork nests and Danish human birthrates? I'm not saying that this is true, but it is an example of a possibility in the famous Yates' illustration of spurious correlation. It is less likely that storks are delivering new babies.

Also see
Statistical Significance Testing: A Historical Overview of Misuse and Misinterpretation with Implications for the Editorial Policies of Educational Journals ---
Click Here
I'm not trying to suggest that there is not a causal relationship in the above study in The Economic Journal.


Free Online Tutorials, Videos, Course Materials, and Learning Centers

Education Tutorials

Bob Jensen's threads on education links ---

Engineering, Science, and Medicine Tutorials

Does Time Really Flow? New Clues Come From a Century-Old Approach to Math ---
The laws of physics imply that the passage of time is an illusion. To avoid this conclusion, we might have to rethink the reality of infinitely precise numbers.
This is over my head!

Bob Jensen's threads on free online science, engineering, and medicine tutorials are at --http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookbob2.htm

Bob Jensen's links to free courses and tutorials --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/updateee.htm#OKI

Social Science and Economics Tutorials

The Bill Is Coming Due for China’s ‘Capitalist’ Experiment ---
Thanks Wm. Dennis Huber for the heads up

An Animated Introduction to Baruch Spinoza: The “Philosopher’s Philosopher” ---

Bob Jensen's threads on Economics, Anthropology, Social Sciences, and Philosophy tutorials are at

Bob Jensen's links to free courses and tutorials --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/updateee.htm#OKI

Law and Legal Studies

Bob Jensen's threads on law and legal studies are at
Scroll down to Law

Math Tutorials

Does Time Really Flow? New Clues Come From a Century-Old Approach to Math ---
The laws of physics imply that the passage of time is an illusion. To avoid this conclusion, we might have to rethink the reality of infinitely precise numbers.
This is over my head!

Bob Jensen's threads on free online mathematics tutorials are at
Scroll down to Mathematics and Statistics

Bob Jensen's links to free courses and tutorials --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/updateee.htm#OKI

History Tutorials

On New Years Day 1992 computer pioneer Grace Hopper died in Arlington, Virginia, USA. While working for private industry, she invented the compiler that would become the COBOL computer language. She retired from the U.S. Navy as a Rear Admiral in 1986 at the age of 80 ---
COBOL and jobs for COBOL programmers live on in the 21st Century  ---

A Brief History of Nachos ---

Bob Jensen's threads on history tutorials are at http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookbob2.htm
Scroll down to History
Also see http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm  

Bob Jensen's links to free courses and tutorials --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/updateee.htm#OKI

Language Tutorials

Smithsonian Folkways Recordings ---

Speak English Fluently Using The 3000 Most Common Words in English ---

Bob Jensen's links to language tutorials are at http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookbob2-Part2.htm#Languages

Music Tutorials


Bob Jensen's threads on free music tutorials are at
Scroll down to Music

Bob Jensen's threads on music performances ---

Writing Tutorials

Bob Jensen's helpers for writers are at http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Bookbob3.htm#Dictionaries

Bob Jensen's threads on medicine ---

CDC Blogs --- http://blogs.cdc.gov/

Shots: NPR Health News --- http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots

Updates from WebMD --- http://www.webmd.com/

January 2, 2021

New Gains in COVID Science 1 Year Into the Pandemic

Get Out: Nature Is the Fix for COVID-19 Stress

Precautions Important With New Coronavirus Variant

Louisiana Congressman-Elect Dies of COVID-19

West Virginia to Reopen Elementary, Middle Schools

Will COVID Stifle Usual January Rush to Gyms?

COVID-19 Vaccine Rollout Faces Delays

UK Approves AstraZeneca COVID-19 Vaccine

Colorado Finds First U.S. Case of U.K. COVID Variant

January 5, 2020

Both Doses of COVID-19 Vaccines Needed, FDA Says

Inflatable Costume May Have Spread COVID

As COVID Variant Spreads, New U.K. Lockdown Looms

U.S., U.K. Officials Seek to Stretch Vaccine Doses

Fighting the COVID 15? Find the Best Diet for You

Deaths Top 350,000 as Vaccine Distribution Slows

Pharmacist Arrested After Vaccines Ruined In WI

U.S. Hits 20 Million Cases as COVID Variant Spreads

New Gains in COVID Science 1 Year Into the Pandemic

January 6, 2021

What Does Hospital Price Transparency Mean for You?

CDC Hopes to Double Tests for New COVID Variants

Both Doses of COVID-19 Vaccines Needed, FDA Says

COVID Vaccinations Lag as Virus Rages

Inflatable Costume May Have Spread COVID

COVID Variant Spreads Again, Confirmed in Georgia

U.S., U.K. Officials Seek to Stretch Vaccine Doses

Fighting the COVID 15? Find the Best Diet for You

Deaths Top 350,000 as Vaccine Distribution Slows

January 7, 2021

FDA Warns About False Negatives from COVID-19 Test

COVID Nightmare in L.A. As Emergency System Falters

Red Cross Calls for Blood Plasma for COVID Patients

Hospital Offers Workers $500 to Take COVID-19 Shots

Fatigue, Brain Fog Most Common in 'Long COVID'

Browns Coach Tests Positive, Will Miss Playoff

Grammys Postponed Because of COVID Concerns

What Does Hospital Price Transparency Mean for You?

CDC Hopes to Double Tests for New COVID Variants

January 8, 2021

New COVID ‘Super Strains’ Could Disrupt Life Again

COVID Likely Third Leading Cause of Death in U.S.

Heart Failure Nearly Doubles COVID Death Risk

HHS to Speed up Pharmacy Vaccination Program

Children’s Hospitals Grapple With Wave of Mental Illness

FDA Warns About False Negatives from COVID-19 Test

COVID Nightmare in L.A. As Emergency System Falters

Red Cross Calls for Blood Plasma for COVID Patients

Hospital Offers Workers $500 to Take COVID-19 Shots

January 10, 2021

U.S. Tops 4,000 COVID-19 Deaths Reported in 1 Day

Allergic Reactions to COVID Vaccine Rising But Rare

COVID-19 Immunity Could Last Longer Than 8 Months

Fauci: Vaccine Rollout Should Have Been Better

Moderna Vaccine May Work for 'a Couple of Years'

Loss of Smell Reported in 86% of Mild COVID Cases

New COVID ‘Super Strains’ Could Disrupt Life Again

COVID Likely Third Leading Cause of Death in U.S.

Heart Failure Nearly Doubles COVID Death Risk

January 11, 2021

Grandkids Often a COVID Conundrum for Families

Pfizer Vaccine Appears to Stop COVID-19 Variant

59% of COVID Cases Stem from Asymptomatic Spread

Capitol Riot Likely a Superspreader Event

Florida COVID Site Will Pause for AL-OH State Game

COVID Stressing the Nation’s Stress Therapy System

U.S. Tops 4,000 COVID-19 Deaths Reported in 1 Day

Allergic Reactions to COVID Vaccine Rising But Rare

COVID-19 Immunity Could Last Longer Than 8 Months

January 13, 2021

Recall: Pet Food Blamed in Death of 70 Dogs

Gorillas at San Diego Zoo Test Positive for COVID

Delays in Genetic Sequencing Slow COVID Battle

Research Shows Why COVID Pneumonia Is More Deadly

Common Diabetes Meds Tied to COVID-19 Complication

Even Mild COVID Can Leave 'Long-Haul' Illness

'Brown Fat' May Help Your Health, Even if You're Obese

Feds Authorize $3 Billion to Boost Vaccine Rollout

Grandkids Often a COVID Conundrum for Families

January 14, 2021

COVID Lockdowns' Boost to Air Quality Limited

'Microbiomes' Might Influence COVID-19 Severity

Anyone Flying to U.S. Must Show Negative Test: CDC

Arguing Taxes the Brain Much More, Scans Show

Study: College Campuses Are COVID 'Superspreaders'

COVID Protections Suppressed Flu Season in U.S.

HHS Expands Vaccine Program, Will Tap All Doses

Disneyland to Become Mass COVID Vaccination Site

Maine: Send Walgreen's Vaccine Doses to Hospitals



U.S. could start using one-shot Johnson & Johnson's 'game-changer' vaccine by February if it's approved, Operation Warp Speed chief says ---

Humor for January 14, 2020

Dogs in Snow --- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tofa478HSgI

The Best Standup Comedy in 2020 ---

Forwarded by Auntie Bev

On her first day at the senior complex, the new manager addressed all the seniors pointing out some of her rules:


"The female sleeping quarters will be out-of-bounds for all males, and the male dormitory to the females. Anybody caught breaking this rule will be fined $20 the first time."

She continued, "Anybody caught breaking this rule the second time will be fined $60. Being caught a third time will cost you a fine of $180. Are there any questions?"

At this point, an older gentleman stood up in the crowd inquired:

"How much for a season pass?

Forwarded by Auntie Bev

Popular Game in Retirement Homes:  Guessing what tattoos u8sed to be.

At my funeral take the bouquet off my coffin and throw it into the crowd to see who's next.

Retirement Finance Advisor Asks:  Which of you will wear the mask and who will drive the get-away car?

Common Mistake:  Chasing an eye floater with a fly swatter.

Setting up for a hot date with a recliner and a heating pad.

Tossing and turning at night should count as exercise.

Forwarded by Tina

I wish there was a way to donate fat like we donate blood.

Why is it that after I push 1 for English I still can't understand the person at the other end of the line.

I wish I had the wisdom of a 90-year old, the body of a 20-year old, and the energy of a 3-year old.

I've just been diagnosed with NCD --- No Can Do.

The secret of happiness is a good sense of humor and a bad memory.

My brain is like the Bermuda Triangle --- What goes in may never come out again.

I'm not Wonder Woman, but I can do things that make you wonder.

So much to do, and no motivation to do it.

OMG, I went into the bathroom without my phone.

Humor December 2020 --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book20q4.htm#Humor1220.htm

Humor November 2020 --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book20q4.htm#Humor1120.htm

Humor October 2020 --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book20q4.htm#Humor1020.htm  

Humor September 2020 --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book20q3.htm#Humor0920.htm 

Humor August 2020 --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book20q3.htm#Humor0820.htm 

Humor July 2020 --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book20q3.htm#Humor0720.htm 

Humor June 2020 --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book20q2.htm#Humor0620.htm

Humor May 2020 --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book20q2.htm#Humor0520.htm

Humor April 2020 --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book20q2.htm#Humor0420.htm   

Humor March 2020 --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book20q1.htm#Humor0320.htm  

Humor January 2020 --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book20q1.htm#Humor0120.htm

Tidbits Archives --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/TidbitsDirectory.htm

More of Bob Jensen's Pictures and Stories

Click here to search Bob Jensen's web site if you have key words to enter --- Search Site.
For example if you want to know what Jensen documents have the term "Enron" enter the phrase Jensen AND Enron. Another search engine that covers Trinity and other universities is at http://www.searchedu.com/

Online Distance Education Training and Education --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Crossborder.htm
For-Profit Universities Operating in the Gray Zone of Fraud  (College, Inc.) --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/HigherEdControversies.htm#ForProfitFraud

Shielding Against Validity Challenges in Plato's Cave ---

The Cult of Statistical Significance: How Standard Error Costs Us Jobs, Justice, and Lives ---

How Accountics Scientists Should Change: 
"Frankly, Scarlett, after I get a hit for my resume in The Accounting Review I just don't give a damn"
One more mission in what's left of my life will be to try to change this

What went wrong in accounting/accountics research?  ---

The Sad State of Accountancy Doctoral Programs That Do Not Appeal to Most Accountants ---


Bob Jensen's threads on accounting theory ---

Tom Lehrer on Mathematical Models and Statistics ---

Systemic problems of accountancy (especially the vegetable nutrition paradox) that probably will never be solved ---


World Clock --- http://www.peterussell.com/Odds/WorldClock.php
Facts about the earth in real time --- http://www.worldometers.info/

Interesting Online Clock and Calendar --- http://home.tiscali.nl/annejan/swf/timeline.swf
Time by Time Zones --- http://timeticker.com/
Projected Population Growth (it's out of control) --- http://geography.about.com/od/obtainpopulationdata/a/worldpopulation.htm
         Also see http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/P/Populations.html
Facts about population growth (video) --- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pMcfrLYDm2U
Projected U.S. Population Growth --- http://www.carryingcapacity.org/projections75.html
Real time meter of the U.S. cost of the war in Iraq --- http://www.costofwar.com/ 
Enter you zip code to get Census Bureau comparisons --- http://zipskinny.com/
Sure wish there'd be a little good news today.

Free (updated) Basic Accounting Textbook --- search for Hoyle at

CPA Examination --- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cpa_examination
Free CPA Examination Review Course Courtesy of Joe Hoyle --- http://cpareviewforfree.com/

Rick Lillie's education, learning, and technology blog is at http://iaed.wordpress.com/

Accounting News, Blogs, Listservs, and Social Networking ---

Bob Jensen's Threads --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/threads.htm 
Current and past editions of my newsletter called New Bookmarks --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookurl.htm
Current and past editions of my newsletter called Tidbits --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/TidbitsDirectory.htm
Current and past editions of my newsletter called Fraud Updates --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/FraudUpdates.htm

Online Books, Poems, References, and Other Literature
In the past I've provided links to various types electronic literature available free on the Web. 
I created a page that summarizes those various links --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm

Some of Bob Jensen's Tutorials

Many useful accounting sites (scroll down) --- http://www.iasplus.com/links/links.htm


Bob Jensen's Sort-of Blogs --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/JensenBlogs.htm
Current and past editions of my newsletter called New Bookmarks --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookurl.htm
Current and past editions of my newsletter called Tidbits --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/TidbitsDirectory.htm
Current and past editions of my newsletter called Fraud Updates --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/FraudUpdates.htm

Some Accounting History Sites

Bob Jensen's Accounting History in a Nutshell and Links --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/theory01.htm#AccountingHistory

Accounting History Libraries at the University of Mississippi (Ole Miss) --- http://www.olemiss.edu/depts/accountancy/libraries.html
The above libraries include international accounting history.
The above libraries include film and video historical collections.

MAAW Knowledge Portal for Management and Accounting --- http://maaw.info/

Academy of Accounting Historians and the Accounting Historians Journal ---

Sage Accounting History --- http://ach.sagepub.com/cgi/pdf_extract/11/3/269

A nice timeline on the development of U.S. standards and the evolution of thinking about the income statement versus the balance sheet is provided at:
"The Evolution of U.S. GAAP: The Political Forces Behind Professional Standards (1930-1973)," by Stephen A. Zeff, CPA Journal, January 2005 --- http://www.nysscpa.org/cpajournal/2005/105/infocus/p18.htm
Part II covering years 1974-2003 published in February 2005 --- http://www.nysscpa.org/cpajournal/2005/205/index.htm 

A nice timeline of accounting history --- http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2187711/A-HISTORY-OF-ACCOUNTING

From Texas A&M University
Accounting History Outline --- http://acct.tamu.edu/giroux/history.html

Bob Jensen's timeline of derivative financial instruments and hedge accounting ---

History of Fraud in America --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/415wp/AmericanHistoryOfFraud.htm
Also see http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Fraud.htm

Bob Jensen's Threads ---

More of Bob Jensen's Pictures and Stories

All my online pictures --- http://www.cs.trinity.edu/~rjensen/PictureHistory/


Professor Robert E. Jensen (Bob) http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen
190 Sunset Hill Road
Sugar Hill, NH 03586
Phone:  603-823-8482 
Email:  rjensen@trinity.edu