Tidbits on August 15 2019
Bob Jensen at Trinity University

Bob Jensen's Fox Puppies and Wes Lavin's 2019 Peacham Parade Pictures


Tidbits on August 15, 2019
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Bob Jensen's Tidbits ---

For earlier editions of Fraud Updates go to http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/FraudUpdates.htm
For earlier editions of New Bookmarks go to http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookurl.htm 
Bookmarks for the World's Library --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookbob2.htm 

My Latest Web Document
Over 400 Examples of Critical Thinking and Illustrations of How to Mislead With Statistics --

Bob Jensen's past presentations and lectures --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/resume.htm#Presentations   

Bob Jensen's Threads --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/threads.htm

Bob Jensen's Home Page is at http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/

More of Bob Jensen's Pictures and Stories

Updates from WebMD --- Click Here

Google Scholar --- https://scholar.google.com/

Wikipedia --- https://www.wikipedia.org/

Bob Jensen's search helpers --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/searchh.htm

Bob Jensen's World Library --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Bookbob2.htm

Animated  Visualization of the United States’ Exploding Population Growth Over 200 Years (1790 – 2010) ---
A Visualization of the United States’ Exploding Population Growth Over 200 Years (1790 – 2010)

USA Debt Clock --- http://www.usdebtclock.org/ ubl

In September 2017 the USA National Debt exceeded $20 trillion for the first time ---

Human Population Over Time on Earth ---

Online Video, Slide Shows, and Audio

Primer Education Channel on YouTube ---

Simone Biles Landing a Triple-Double Flip Is Truly Astounding ---

The Sunset Hill House Hotel (near our cottage) ---
Watch the video

Free music downloads --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/music.htm
In the past I've provided links to various types of music and video available free on the Web. 
I created a page that summarizes those various links --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/music.htm 

The Authentic Vivaldi’s The Four Seasons: Watch a Performance Based on Original Manuscripts & Played with 18th-Century Instruments ---

Hear Glenn Gould Sing the Praise of the Moog Synthesizer and Wendy Carlos’ Switched-On Bach, the “Record of the Decade” (1968) ---

Watch the 10 Most Memorable Performances at Woodstock ---
Also see

Who Are the Best Drum Soloists in Rock? See Legendary Performances by John Bonham, Keith Moon, Neil Peart, Terry Bozzio & More ---
Jensen Comment
Give me Gene Krupa from the big band era any day ---

Leroy Troy :  Ghost Chickens in the Sky ---

John Denver --- https://jborden.com/2019/08/05/music-monday-john-denver-prolific-poetic-and-poignant/

Barbra Streisand Is So Upset About Trump, She Had to Perform a Parody of ‘Send in the Clowns’ ---
Jensen Comment
I don't think this rendition will sell in Israel where they don't laugh so loudly at the new town named after Donald Trump.

Bob Jensen's Links to Free Music

Photographs and Art

A Photo Trip to Bagan, Myanmar ---

Trees at Night: Stunning Rorschach Silhouettes from the 1920s ---

Photographs of New York beaches from 1880 to 1940  ---

Bad Taste Celebrity Fashion ---

Enjoy Dazzling & Dizzying 360° Virtual Tours of Los Angeles Landmarks ---

Bob Jensen's threads on art history ---

Bob Jensen's threads on history, literature and art ---

Online Books, Poems, References, and Other Literature
In the past I've provided links to various types electronic literature available free on the Web. 
I created a page that summarizes those various links --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm

Bob Jensen's threads on libraries --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookbob2.htm#---Libraries

"And Habit Like a Crane":  Review of a Poem ---

Faster Than Light: Marilyn Nelson Reads Her Exquisite Poem About the Purpose of Life and How Our Impermanence Both Frustrates and Fuels Our Creative Drive ---

Take a Virtual Tour of Jane Austen’s Library ---

Free Electronic Literature --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm
Free Online Textbooks, Videos, and Tutorials --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm#Textbooks
Free Tutorials in Various Disciplines --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Bookbob2.htm#Tutorials
Edutainment and Learning Games --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/thetools.htm#Edutainment
Open Sharing Courses --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/updateee.htm#OKI

Now in Another Tidbits Document
Political Quotations on August 15, 2019

USA Debt Clock --- http://www.usdebtclock.org/ ubl

To Whom Does the USA Federal Government Owe Money (the booked obligation of $19+ trillion) ---
The US Debt Clock in Real Time --- http://www.usdebtclock.org/ 
Remember the Jane Fonda Movie called "Rollover" --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rollover_(film)

To Whom Does the USA Federal Government Owe Money (the unbooked obligation of $100 trillion and unknown more in contracted entitlements) ---
The biggest worry of the entitlements obligations is enormous obligation for the future under the Medicare and Medicaid programs that are now deemed totally unsustainable ---

Entitlements are two-thirds of the federal budget. Entitlement spending has grown 100-fold over the past 50 years. Half of all American households now rely on government handouts. When we hear statistics like that, most of us shake our heads and mutter some sort of expletive. That’s because nobody thinks they’re the problem. Nobody ever wants to think they’re the problem. But that’s not the truth. The truth is, as long as we continue to think of the rising entitlement culture in America as someone else’s problem, someone else’s fault, we’ll never truly understand it and we’ll have absolutely zero chance...
Steve Tobak ---

"These Slides Show Why We Have Such A Huge Budget Deficit And Why Taxes Need To Go Up," by Rob Wile, Business Insider, April 27, 2013 ---
This is a slide show based on a presentation by a Harvard Economics Professor.

Peter G. Peterson Website on Deficit/Debt Solutions ---

Bob Jensen's threads on entitlements --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Entitlements.htm

Bob Jensen's health care messaging updates --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Health.htm

Milton Friedman:  The Lesson of the Spoons ---
Chopsticks would be even better

Scenarios of Higher Education for Year 2020 ---
The above great video, among other things, discusses how "badges" of academic education and training accomplishment may become more important in the job market than tradition transcript credits awarded by colleges. Universities may teach the courses (such as free MOOCs) whereas private sector companies may award the "badges" or "credits" or "certificates." The new term for such awards is a "microcredential."

Competency-Based Learning --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Assess.htm#ConceptKnowledge

2U is a For-Profit Education Technology Company --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2U_(company)
About 2U ---https://2u.com/about/

Masters Certificates (Badges) Up; Masters Degrees Down:  What a Tech Company’s Big Shift Portends for the Future of the Master’s Degree ---

2U is a For-Profit Education Technology Company --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2U_(company)
Abiyt 2U ---https://2u.com/about/

LSE Bucks the Trend Toward Badges With a Bargain Three-Year Online Undergraduate Program
London School of Economics and its partner company (2U) will create its first fully online data science (undergraduate) degree. Program, priced at $20,000 for a three year degree

Bob Jensen's threads on distance education alternatives ---

Boston University's new online business degree is $24,000 for a reason. Unlike on-campus program, it has no electives and is aimed at a different audience ---

Jensen Comment
BU's competition is that prestigious flagship universities having better academic reputations offer even less expensive online MBA programs. Many of these flagship schools also focus on niche markets. My ophthalmologist is taking an MBA Program for Physicians from Auburn. The really nice thing about this program is that it is judged by the input success rather than output success. Not many students in this Auburn niche program will be seeking MBA employment when they graduates. What's not clear is why busy physicians are seeking MBA degrees. My physician says he just wants to learn more about business and investing.

Former Yale Law School Dean Does not Like the Damaging Rubric of Diversity or Political Correctness
‘The Assault on American Excellence’ ---

Controversial Issues in Affirmative Action Hiring and Pay Raises ---

Controversial Issues in Affirmative Action Hiring and Pay Raises  ---

Stanford:  What Happens to Local Jobs When State Taxes Go Up?

 . . .

A Race to the Bottom

Does that mean states will increasingly find themselves in competition to reduce corporate tax rates?

Not exactly, says Rauh. At the moment, he says, many states are actually setting high tax rates and then offering generous targeted tax subsidies to individual companies.

“It seems that the race is happening in very targeted tax incentives, the prime example being the competition for Amazon’s second headquarters,” he says. “State authorities are setting high statutory rates and then doling out tax breaks to companies that they judge as having value to their state.

“This is in a way an even worse kind of race to the bottom,” Rauh adds. “It leaves substantial discretion in the hands of government officials, who may offer tax breaks only to companies of their choosing, with political considerations possibly affecting their decisions. Tax policy should not tilt the level playing field of economic competition.

Stanford:  Good News and Bad News on Tax Evasion ---

We know physicians and other health care providers will have huge income losses under Medicare-for-All? Who will have the big income losses under College-for-All?
Who’ll Take a Pay Cut for Free College?


Democratic candidates for president, in their impressive expansiveness, are promising free college. Some limit their proposals to community colleges, others to state-run schools, and a few, going for broke, want also to forgive student debt for private-college tuition. Since no realm of American life has undergone greater inflation in recent decades than higher education, this is no piddling promise. The cost to taxpayers could be in the trillions, though the prospect would please a nephew of mine who this autumn is sending a son to Dartmouth at the annual price of $76,000.

If government is going to pay for college, at least it ought to try to bring down the cost. I taught at a university for 30 years and have a few suggestions. Start at the top: I would reduce the salaries of university presidents by, say, 90%. (At the institution where I taught, the president made more than $2 million when last I checked.) I would also evict them from their rent-free mansions and remove their cadres of servants. The contemporary university president, after all, has little or nothing to do with education, but is chiefly occupied with fundraising and public relations. If universities were restaurants, the president would be a maître d’. To encourage their fundraising skills, perhaps they could be paid a small commission on the money they bring into their schools—cash, so to speak, and carry—excepting that on money used to erect more otiose buildings filled with treadmills, computers and condom machines.

The next big cut in the cost of higher education would be in superfluous administrative jobs, for the contemporary university is nothing if not vastly overstaffed. All those assistant provosts for diversity, those associate deans presiding over sensitivity programs, those directors for student experience—out, out with them. I would also suggest dispensing with courses that specialize exclusively in victimology, the history of victim groups told from the point of view of the victims. Young men and women do not need reinforcement in their already mistaken belief that they are victims because of their skin color, ethnicity or sexuality.

Another place serious money could be saved is college athletics. I’ve read that the highest-paid public employee in most states is the state-university football coach. The school at which I taught is not a state school, but its reasonably successful football coach earned $3.3 million in 2017, ranking him only 32nd among all college football coaches.

Nick Saban, the football coach at the University of Alabama, earns $8.3 million a year. Mike Krzyzewski, the basketball coach at Duke, earns $7 million. The argument for these astonishing figures is that football at Alabama and basketball at Duke more than pay for themselves. The Alabama football “program,” as they like to refer to this most brutal of sports, with its postseason games and television fees, brings in nearly $100 million a year. Duke’s perpetually winning basketball teams doubtless result in more student applications and alumni donations.

Under pure capitalism, Messrs. Saban and Krzyzewski might be said to earn their pay. But if higher education is to be free, as Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren would have it, we are no longer talking about capitalism. Coaches’ salaries could be greatly reduced and the money earned by college sports—which means chiefly football and basketball—would need to be turned over to the federal government to help pay the cost of education itself.

Which brings us to the faculty. Faculty jobs in American universities have risen well in excess of any visible improvement in the quality of university teachers: $200,000-a-year-or-more professorships are now not uncommon. When I began teaching in my mid-30s, an older friend, long resident at the same university, said to me, “Welcome to the racket.” What he meant is that I would be getting a full-time salary for what was essentially a six-month job, and without ever having to put in an eight-hour day. At the tonier universities, professors in the humanities and social sciences might teach as few as three or four courses a year, the remainder of their time supposedly devoted to research. Like the man said, a sweet racket.

Under free higher education, perhaps it would make sense to pay university teachers by the hour, with raises in the wage awarded by seniority. Surely they could not complain. After all, the two most common comments (some would say the two biggest lies) about university teaching are, “I learn so much from my students” and “It’s so inspiring, I’d do it for nothing.” A strict hourly wage for teachers, as free university education may require, would nicely test the validity of that second proposition.

Free higher education—what a splendid ring it has, sufficient tintinnabulation to cause one to forget the old axiom that you get what you pay for.

Mr. Epstein is author, most recently, of “Charm: The Elusive Enchantment.”

In Europe and Elsewhere Free College Education Means College is Only for the Intellectually Elite
Countries that provide more public funding for higher education tend to have fewer graduates over all
(restricting college education or free job training to only the most intelligent 1/3 or Tier 2 graduates ---

Democratic politicians -- many of them vying for their party's 2020 presidential nomination -- propose free college programs or other major investments in higher education that reflect systems in countries like Finland and Sweden. But an American Enterprise Institute report released Thursday argues that when developed nations dedicate more public resources to postsecondary education, they tend to produce fewer graduates.


The institute's customarily contrarian resident fellow, Jason Delisle, and co-author Preston Cooper, an education research analyst at AEI, compared 35 high-income (gross domestic product per capita above $30,000) member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, which produces statistics on countries’ total institutional spending, college attainment rates among 25- to 34-year-olds, and government subsidies. The OECD includes almost all large Western and Central European countries, Australia, the Baltic states, Chile, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, North America, Scandinavia, South Korea and Turkey.


Each country makes sacrifices when it prioritizes one aspect of higher education -- attainment rates, institutional spending and government subsidies -- over another, Delisle said, a reality he thinks is often ignored during debates about free college. Politicians in the U.S. like to suggest America can “learn from other countries and take the good parts” of their education systems, without considering the impact subsidized education has on the overall quality and accessibility of college, Delisle said.


“If you have a heavily subsidized system, that leads a country to ration higher education, leading to a system that’s more selective,” Delisle said. “That’s not an egalitarian higher education policy, which a lot of policy makers on the left insist is the case.”


“If you want less college, one way to do that is to make it free,” he said.

Delisle’s interest in researching international spending on higher education was piqued during the 2016 presidential campaign, he said, when Senator Bernie Sanders, the Vermont Independent, began promoting his plan to eliminate the cost of attending public colleges and universities. More recently, on June 24, Sanders announced his College for All Act, which if passed would eliminate tuition at public institutions and subsidize learning with 100 percent government funding -- 67 percent from Washington and 33 percent from individual states.


“[The legislation] makes certain that all Americans, regardless of income, can get the college education or job training they need to secure decent-paying jobs by making public colleges, universities and trade schools tuition-free and debt-free,” Sanders said in a news release.

However, college admissions would become much more competitive if the U.S. could not rely on tuition to fund its institutions, Delisle said, though the goal of free college policy suggestions is to increase the number of students with degrees.


“The whole public university system in Finland has an admissions rate on par with elite U.S. colleges,” Delisle said. “Not quite as selective as Harvard or the [Ivy League colleges], but if you took a Berkeley, or a [University of Virginia] -- imagine if the entire education system of the U.S. had to meet UVA-level test scores.”


In the report, Delisle highlights Finland, which ranks first among the 35 countries in government subsidies provided for tertiary education (international equivalent to an associate degree or higher in the U.S.). Ninety-six percent of Finland’s higher education resources are public, but its attainment rate -- the proportion of citizens ages 25 to 34 with a degree beyond K-12 education -- is less than 45 percent, placing it 25th among OECD countries. South Korea-based higher education, on the other hand, gets about 36 percent of its funding from the government and achieves a 70 percent attainment rate, the highest among OECD countries, according to the report.

The U.S. ranks 31st for subsidies and third when it comes to institutional resources, which is measured as the amount of money -- a combination of government funds and private dollars -- spent on each full-time-equivalent student. These numbers are also adjusted for a country’s GDP per capita, so as not to penalize countries with smaller economies for spending less.


The report praises more investment in higher education from government and private sources as positive, suggesting that “generally, institutions with greater resources have more latitude to offer a high-quality education.” This could bring criticism from “our colleagues on the right” who prioritize spending reductions, Delisle said.

“We gave [spending] a positive spin, and we also gave attainment a positive spin,” Delisle said. “There are definitely people on the right who would say, ‘We have too many people with college degrees and spend too much on higher education.’”


The OECD includes subsidized student loan programs in its spending metrics, so while governments in the U.S., U.K. and Australia are increasingly providing loans and debt forgiveness, that’s not counted as public funding in the report, Delisle said. Instead, student loans are considered individual expenditures on tuition, though they could be paid off by these governments in the future.

Loans should be kept in mind when reading the report, Delisle said, but they don’t have enough impact in the U.S. to shift the country’s ranking, since the government uses more of a “safety net” model for specific groups of students in need. But forgiven loans make up a higher share of Australia’s and the U.K.’s subsidies, which can’t be seen in the OECD data, he said.

There are other contextual differences between countries that are also absent from data in the report, because these differences are vast and difficult to measure, Delisle said. One variance -- countries’ typical age range for college attainment -- could affect how the report is read, said Alex Usher, president of Higher Education Strategy Associates.


While the AEI report analyzes 25- to 34-year-olds who may or may not have degrees, students in Nordic countries tend to start college later and often take breaks from their learning to participate in the labor market, Usher said. Additionally, Nordic countries have a lower wage premium for college-educated adults than the U.S., he said.


“Those countries tend to look fantastic when you look at adult education -- it’s actually adults who are going back and forth and taking breaks” from higher ed, Usher said. “Here, it’s normal at age 25 to have a degree. There, it’s not so normal.”

Continued in article

Jensen Comment
Only the radical left in the USA would destroy a nations economy to give free health care, free medicine, free college, guaranteed annual income etc. to everybody who wants it. Combined with the green new deal and existing safety nets the estimated cost is over $20 trillion per year. As Nancy Pelosi says: " How do we pay for that?"

Bob Jensen's threads on Tertiary Education in the USA Versus Europe ---

Mapping the Scholarly Communication Landscape – 2019 Census

Friedrich Hayek --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Hayek

The year 2019 marks the 75th anniversary of the publication in 1944 of F. A. Hayek’s The Road to Serfdom ---

How to record your screen on a Windows 10 computer using the built-in 'Game Bar' Feature ---

Innovating Against a Brick Wall: Rebuilding the Structures That Shape Our Teaching – TILC 2019 Keynote ---

Jensen Comment
The article seems to be weak in education technology history. Exhibits A, B, and C are Plato, Auithorware, and Tookbook course management systems ---

A Challenge to the Biggest Idea (loss aversion)  in Behavioral Finance ---

Jensen Comment
Loss aversion is an important theory, but I would not call it the biggest idea in behavioral economics and finance ---

Inside Higher Ed:  Philosophy Degrees and Sales Jobs ---

Goldie's Baloney Grinder
From a Chronicle of Higher Education Newsletter on July 30, 2019

I’m Goldie Blumenstyk, a senior writer at The Chronicle of Higher Education, covering innovation in and around academe. Here’s what I’m thinking about this week.

Skills matter more than the major. A million job profiles prove it.

My usual advice to college students is: Major in something you like. Last week Michelle Obama offered similar guidance to first-generation college students at a Beating the Odds Summit in Washington, D.C. (She also advised them not to rush the choice: “You should pick a major you’re excited about, and you’re not going to know that for a couple of years.”)

Now I’m pleased to report that a new analysis that examined the first, second, and third jobs of nearly one million professionals shows that neither of us is full of it.

Continued in article

Jensen Comment
Goldie badly overstates the case this time. Firstly, there are some undergraduate majors that greatly decrease the years of graduate study necessary needed for careers such as engineering, accountancy, nursing, pharmacy, mathematics, and STEM in general. Most of the many masters degree programs are focused on students who have already satisfied the undergraduate course prerequisites.

Furthermore, it's advisable to take a premed curriculum or its equivalent to get into medical school.

Granted there are come careers where undergraduate background is less crucial such as law and education (K-12).  Most two-year MBA programs are designed for generic undergraduates who did not take undergraduate business, although there are exceptions such as the prerequisite undergraduate courses for aspiring CPAs and accounting professors. It's also possible in many instances in flagship universities to take less than two years to earn an MBA degree for undergraduate business majors.

But for aspiring college professor careers choice of an undergraduate major is usually crucial to speeding up the years of higher education required. 

I'm not arguing for rushing into majors, but reasonably quick decisions in the first two years can make a huge difference for many types of careers. For 40 years I've seen some students having to take 1-2 years extra to make up for the accounting courses they failed to take as undergraduates. The same applies to many other graduate studies programs.

Tesla just announced a giant new battery (for storing solar and wind electricity) ---
Jensen Comment
This is intended to compete with traditional power plants (think natural gas) and relies on transmission lines. The dream would be to have cheaper and more effective batteries for storage of home solar power.

Everything You Need to Convert Your VHS Tapes to Digital ---

The Logistics Glossary --- https://scmedu.org/logistics-glossary/

Changing Students' Mindsets ---
Thank you Tom Selling for the heads up.

Jensen Comment
During one of my think tank years we rented a house in the faculty compound on the Stanford campus (not far from the homes of Chuck Horngren, Joel Demski, and Bill Beaver). Our children were five and nine. Across the street an Asian family had two children of similar ages. When I mentioned that maybe our children might get together for playtimes I was informed by the Asian family that their children did not waste time playing. Years later when a Japanese professor visited Florida State University he said his children were not allowed playtimes when they were young.

The mindset in Asia seems to be that of making children very competitive in academics so they can get into the best colleges. My professor friend said that in Japan the partying begins when the children leave home for college ---  college becomes the "Spring Break of Life" ---
I'm sure there are exceptions, but there are quite a few references noting the partying culture in Japanese higher education.

My point here is that at an early age too much of a mindset for learning may lead to burnout.
At Trinity University we became very close to the family of a scientist who had one child. My colleague was obsessed with getting his son into Harvard. The son did very well and eventually enrolled at Harvard. But the young man also dropped out before the end of the first semester and became a street guitar player in Austin, Texas. I'm told that years later he did eventually graduate from the University of Texas, but in his Harvard months he seemed to need his "Spring Break in Life."

Attorneys and physicians are disciplined at a rate at least seven times that of CPAs ---.

Jensen Comment
CPAs can buy green eyeshades with halos attached.

Vertical Forest is a model for a sustainable residential building, a project for metropolitan reforestation contributing to the regeneration of the environment and urban biodiversity without the implication of expanding the city upon the territory ---

Jensen Comment
Seems like this is a good idea as long as there is sufficient and reliable water for the "forest." This provides a whole new environment for both Tarzan and King Kong.

The Guardian:  Closing the Libraries Means Abandoning the Mentally Ill and Homeless

Jensen Comment
Does something seem inconsistent and sub-optimal here. The mentally illl and/or homeless people might abandon the libraries if they had somewhere better to go such as a comfortable hotel where they could come and go voluntarily for free like they do now in libraries. And parents feel uneasy leaving letting teenagers study in libraries filled with scruffy homeless and/or drug addicts. I'm sure there are externalities such as having comfortable hotels for the homeless will attract more homeless (maybe hordes)  to come to town.

But it seems that there have to be better solutions for both constituencies. Of course these better solutions come at a cost. A library is not a comfortable hotel, and providing a comfortable hotel is expensive in terms of added services (think clean beds 24/7), And libraries that are not used much in inner cities for library services must justify the costs of staying open as libraries.

Why Are Seemingly Satisfied Female Lawyers Running For The Exits?

Jensen Comment
This appears to be a much more complicated problem than compensation --- a problem that still has unknown answers.

Getting More from Less ---
Jensen Comment
Tyler has become a magnet for extreme comment writers --- some are clever and some are nutty and some just try too hard to be funny/cynical (to a fault). The bottom line is that there are no magical bullets. Capitalism does not deal well with externalities of market systems and tendencies to monopolize with less capitalism. Socialism does not deal well with corruption and inefficiencies that comes from government monopolies. I point out that our current examples of happy nations (think Scandinavia and Switzerland) are very democratic capitalist nations without the severe problems of overpopulation and racial strife. Their current solution to unwanted immigrants is paying them to leave. Scandinavia and Switzerland get more for less by keeping their populations small.


Yield Curve --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yield_curve

The Entire German Yield Curve is Trading Below Zero (Go Figure)---

The German government could today borrow billions of Euro and in a decade they could give back to investors less than they borrowed and the investors would be happy.

A Danish bank is offering mortgages at a 0.5% negative interest rate — meaning it is basically paying people to borrow money

Jensen Comment
As a challenge to students you might have them try to imagine reasons for this. Accounting students should imagine the journal entries and use of Excel to derive amortization tables.

‘You Have to Provide Evidence’: A Journal Article on Black Lives Matter Draws Scholarly Fire ---

The journal Ethnic and Racial Studies is standing by an article that has proved controversial among sociologists and race scholars. The article, about the Black Lives Matter movement, was peer-reviewed and underwent major revisions before being published, the journal said on Tuesday.

“I just don’t see that,” said Jennifer Patrice Sims, an assistant professor of sociology at the University of Alabama at Huntsville who said she had reviewed for the journal before.

Sims is one of many academics who criticized the article for what they called its lack of intellectual rigor and ignorance of scholarship. More than that, the scholars say, the article is a case study in how the machinery of academic publishing can be sympathetic to certain types of arguments, often made by white men, while women of color see their work rejected or ignored.

In the abstract of the article, “Black Lives Matter at Five: Limits and Possibilities,” the author, Adam Szetela contends that the theoretical framework and orientation of the movement, as understood through its co-founders, hinder the movement’s own goals “as well as the possibilities for a broader vision of social justice.” He writes that scholars have uncritically celebrated the movement and its leaders, which obscures its “considerable problems.”

(The article says that Szetela is affiliated with the sociology department at the University of Wisconsin at Madison. Szetela was a graduate student during the fall 2018 and spring 2019 semesters but is not now a student, the department chair said in emails.)

The problem with Szetela’s article isn’t that he criticizes Black Lives Matter, said Shantel Gabrieal Buggs, an assistant professor of sociology at Florida State University who called attention to Szetela’s article on Twitter. “No concept is perfect. Everything can be critiqued,” she said in a phone interview. “But if you’re going to do that, then you have to provide evidence.”

Szetela didn’t, she said. For one, the article lacks a methodology section, Buggs said. He uses terms like “Oppression Olympics” and “wokeness,” but does not define them or indicate under what framework he uses them, she said. (After this Chronicle article was published, Szetela emailed The Chronicle to point out that he cited a 2017 book by another scholar — in which she uses the phrase “Oppression Olympics” — in the same sentence where he uses the phrase.)

In his article, Szetela writes, “intersectionality … papers over the class conflicts that exist between blacks. Despite its theoretical ‘wokeness,’ it is apparent that intersectionality in practice often considers class less important than the aforementioned categories of ascriptive identity.” This passage shows that Szetela does not understand what intersectionality means, Buggs said, because class is “literally at the center” of intersectional theorizing.

Continued in articles

Jensen Comment
The toughest test of academic spirit is not when articles are published with no evidence. The toughest test is publishing unpopular articles (especially among social scientists) when the evidence leads to unpopular and politically incorrect conclusions. Exhibit A dates back to the research of Arthur Jensen and later Charles Murray that found differing intelligence scores and personalities on the basis of genetics ---

Charles Murray --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Murray_(political_scientis 

April 2019:  Politically Correct Middlebury Still Cannot Keep Conservative Speakers Safe --- 

Jensen Comment
What conservative would want to join this faculty or join the student body?
Is Middlebury so against diversity?

Charles Murray and the Bell Curve --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Murray_(political_scientist)

Race and Intelligence --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Race_and_intelligence

Debate at Middlebury Over Co-author of the "Bell Curve" (race and intelligence) --- 

The (Political Correctness) Mob of Students at Middlebury

A mob tries to silence Charles Murray and sends a prof to the ER.

Once again a scholar invited to speak at a university has been shouted down by an angry mob clearly unable to challenge him intellectually. On Thursday at Middlebury College, allegedly an institution of higher learning, a crowd of protesters tried to run Charles Murray off campus. Mr. Murray is the author of many influential books, including “Coming Apart,” which the kids might read if they want to understand their country and can cope without trigger warnings.

Amid the shouts, Mr. Murray was taken to another location where he was able to speak. But a Middlebury professor escorting Mr. Murray from campus—Allison Stanger—was later sent to the hospital after being assaulted by protesters who also attacked the car they were in. As if to underscore the madness, the headline over the initial Associated Press dispatch smeared Mr. Murray rather than focusing on the intolerance of those disrupting him: “College students protest speaker branded white nationalist.”

Middlebury President Laurie Patton apologized in a statement to those “who came in good faith to participate in a serious discussion, and particularly to Mr. Murray and Prof. Stanger for the way they were treated.” While she believes some protesters were “outside agitators,” Middlebury students were also involved—and she said she would be “responding.”

Mr. Murray tweeted: “Report from the front: The Middlebury administration was exemplary. The students were seriously scary.” Let’s hope President Patton follows through with discipline to scare these students straight.


Harvard and Princeton Leading Scholars Argue for "Truth Seeking"--- 

Stylistically and politically, Robert P. George and Cornel West don’t have much in common. George, McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence and director of the James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions at Princeton University, is one of the country’s most prominent conservative intellectuals. West, a professor of the practice of public philosophy and African and African-American studies at Harvard University, is a self-described “radical Democrat” who, in addition to many books, once released a spoken-word album.

So when George and West agree on something and lend their names to it, people take notice -- as they did this week, when the pair published a statement in support of “truth seeking, democracy and freedom of thought and expression.” It’s a politely worded denunciation of what George and West call “campus illiberalism,” or the brand of thinking that led to this month’s incident at Middlebury College, where students prevented an invited speaker from talking and a professor was physically attacked by some who were protesting the invitation.

“It is all too common these days for people to try to immunize from criticism opinions that happen to be dominant in their particular communities,” reads the statement. “Sometimes this is done by questioning the motives and thus stigmatizing those who dissent from prevailing opinions; or by disrupting their presentations; or by demanding that they be excluded from campus or, if they have already been invited, disinvited.”

Sometimes, it says, “students and faculty members turn their backs on speakers whose opinions they don’t like or simply walk out and refuse to listen to those whose convictions offend their values. Of course, the right to peacefully protest, including on campuses, is sacrosanct. But before exercising that right, each of us should ask: Might it not be better to listen respectfully and try to learn from a speaker with whom I disagree? Might it better serve the cause of truth seeking to engage the speaker in frank civil discussion?”

All of us “should be willing -- even eager -- to engage with anyone who is prepared to do business in the currency of truth-seeking discourse by offering reasons, marshaling evidence and making arguments,” George and West wrote. “The more important the subject under discussion, the more willing we should be to listen and engage -- especially if the person with whom we are in conversation will challenge our deeply held -- even our most cherished and identity-forming -- beliefs.”

Such “an ethos,” they conclude, “protects us against dogmatism and groupthink, both of which are toxic to the health of academic communities and to the functioning of democracies.”

George said in an interview Wednesday that signatures for the statement were flowing in at rate of several per minute, and that the names reflect all points of the ideological spectrum. “We’re gratified,” he said, adding that the statement aims to “encourage -- put the courage in -- people to stand up for themselves” and for the values of the academy.

“The goal is a heightened sense among faculty, administrators and students -- all three categories -- that they must refuse to tolerate campus illiberalism,” George said. “It’s a shared responsibility of everybody to not only refuse to participate in it but to refuse to accept it. In order for colleges and universities to fulfill their missions, there has to be an ethos, an atmosphere, an environment, in which people feel free to speak their minds -- where people are challenging each other, and thus learning.”

The immediate impetus for the statement was indeed the shouting down of Murray, author of the controversial book The Bell Curve, at Middlebury; the professor who was injured at the protest is the next signatory, after George and West. But the authors say they’ve long been concerned with a turning tide on colleges campuses that’s led to the shouting down and disinvitation of invited speakers, and other forms of what is arguably intellectual censorship. They’ve been trying to model the kind of civil dialogue they’re advocating for several years, teaching and speaking together publicly about the benefits of a liberal arts education -- including recently at the American Enterprise Institute.

Yet college illiberalism continues to grow, in their view. Just recently, for example, George said, Peter Singer, Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton, who has argued in favor of abortion and euthanasia for severely disabled infants in some instances, was interrupted by disability rights protesters throughout an appearance via Skype at the University of Victoria in Canada.

George blamed the phenomenon on a campus culture of rightful inclusion that has been somehow “corrupted into the idea that people have the right to be free from hearing positions they disagree with.” That’s exacerbated, he said, by an emergent “consumer model” of education, in which colleges and universities competing for enrollments don’t want to offend their “customers,” even if the product -- higher education -- is supposed to be “challenging students’ deeply held convictions and helping them to lead examined lives.”

Singer announced on Twitter that he’d signed the petition. George pointed out that Mary Ann Glendon, Learned Hand Professor of Law at Harvard University and former U.S. ambassador to the Holy See, who is anti-abortion and in many ways Singer’s ideological opposite, also signed on.

Continued in article

Bob Jensen's threads on the political correctness embarrassments in academe ---

Texas’ Top 10% Rule --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Texas_House_Bill_588

Texas’ Top 10% Rule makes little difference in diversity on campus, study says ---

Under state law, UT is required to make a “good faith” effort to fill at least 75% of the spots in its freshman class available to Texas residents with automatically admitted students. In order to meet this threshold, students in the top 6% of their high school class were automatically admitted to UT in 2019, down from 7% in 2018 and 8% in 2016.

According to the study, before the 10% rule was implemented in 1998, about 40% of Texas high schools consistently sent graduating seniors to UT or A&M and another 15% occasionally saw their graduates go on to the two universities. The remaining 45% of schools had never sent any of their graduates to either school. After examining almost two decades of data after the policy took effect, Klasik and Cortes did not see much change in those statistics. This helps explain why the Top 10% Rule hasn’t increased the likelihood of black and Latinx students attending the state’s flagship schools, according to The Hechinger Report, an education publication.

“While it is certainly true that individual high schools sent students to the flagships for the first time after the percent plan began, those results were fleeting,” Cortes said in the article. “Virtually no school that had not sent students to those campuses in the two years prior to the plan established a pattern of sending students afterward.” 

In the 2018 Report to the Legislature, UT wrote that the 10% rule was successful in providing an opportunity to obtain a higher education to Texas high school graduates from a variety of schools.

“UT hosts many different recruitment efforts to show students of all backgrounds that going to school here at UT is a possibility,” admissions counselor Seth Cope said in an email. “For example, Texas Student Recruiters are current students at The University of Texas at Austin that come from many different backgrounds, viewpoints, hometowns and academic interests, and are all passionate about sharing their Texas experience with prospective Longhorns.”

Cierra Rodriguez, a health and society sophomore, said UT should be using different recruiting strategies since the number of students from low-income communities attending UT is consistently low.

Continued in article

Jensen Comment
I've always assumed that the 10% Rule had the indirect benefit of increasing the pool of top SAT/ACT students for private universities like Rice, Baylor,  SMU, TCU, and Trinity University. In Texas it's well known that many (most?) of the top graduates from the top Texas high schools have a first choice for going to such state-supported universities as UT Austin, Texas A&M, and Texas Tech. Often a parent is an alum of one of those flagship universities, and alumni loyalty runs deep in Texas.

When a relatively high SAT/ACT high school graduate from a top high school is denied admission (because the Top 10% quickly fills admission slots), many of those graduates are from high-income suburban families that can afford private university tuition.

You can read more about the 10% Rule controversy at

I guess if it had been highly successful more states would have also adopted a 10% Rule.

"And Habit Like a Crane":  Review of a Poem ---

24 Things to Know Before Traveling to Japan

12 awesome features of Japanese bathrooms you won’t find in the West ---

Sundance Film Review: ‘Honeyland’

Robustness Statistics --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robust_statistics

How to Mislead With Statistics

State gun laws, gun ownership, and mass shootings in the US: cross sectional time series ---

Outcome variables
We used the Supplementary Homicide Reports from the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Uniform Crime Reporting System (1998-2015) to obtain counts of mass shootings by state. We compiled these data in line with the most commonly used definition of a mass shooting: one event in which
four or more individuals were killed by a perpetrator using a firearm and the perpetrator themselves did not count toward the total number of victims. These mass shooting events were analyzed in total and stratified as to whether the mass shooting was domestic or non-domestic in nature. Domestic mass shootings included instances where the perpetrator committed the act against an immediate family member or partner. Non-domestic mass shootings included all other types of relationships, such as acquaintances, employees, employers, friends, neighbors, strangers, extended family members, and others. Florida was excluded due to non-participation in the Uniform Crime Reporting System program.

Jensen Comment
The above article is badly misleading in that its conclusions are based largely on rounding error in computing averages and denominator effects that destroy robustness. The study focuses on rare events, it's conclusions and displays are unstable to slight sensitivity analysis.

I will focus my criticisms on Figure 2 where Rhode Island, Delaware, New Hampshire, North Dakota, and Arkansas each have rounded averages of zero mass shootings across 17 years. There were mass shootings in those five states, but their averages round  to zero. The worst state in Figure 2 is Vermont that has the highest average of three mass shootings across those same 17 years. Thus the lowest five states have zero mass shooting averages and the highest state has an average of three mass shootings. The difference from lowest to highest (in Figure 2) I suspect is heavily to heavily be rounding error and is not as significant as it appears in Figure 2.

There also is what is known as a denominator effect that destroys robustness in Figure 2 due to the low population of 600,000 people in Vermont. Such a low population destroys much of the robustness in comparing the highest mass killing state (Vermont) with more populated states like California, New York, Arkansas and Delaware. The same applies to low population states of Wyoming, Montana, North Dakota, New Hampshire, and Alaska.

The study concludes as follows:

Our analyses show that US state gun laws have become more permissive in recent decades, and
that a growing divide in rates of mass shootings appears to be emerging between restrictive and permissive states. A 10 unit increase in the permissiveness of state gun laws was associated with an approximately 9% higher rate of mass shootings after adjusting for key factors. A 10% increase in gun ownership was associated with an approximately 35% higher rate of mass shootings after adjusting for key factors. On the absolute scale, this means that a state like California, which has approximately two mass shootings per year, will have an extra mass shooting for every 10 unit increase in permissiveness over five years. It will also have three to five more mass shootings per five years for every 10 unit increase in gun ownership. These results were also consistent across multiple analyses and when stratified as to whether or not mass shootings were committed by someone in a close relationship with the victims.

I contend that the above conclusion is unstable (not robust) such as the conclusion that a restrictive state like Rhode Island has a hugely greater divide (an average of zero mass shootings per year) with a permissive state Vermont (with an average of three average mass shootings) ---  a conclusion that does not, based upon this study, justify legislation for more restrictive gun laws to reduce mass shootings. The authors of the above study are not responsible in pointing out the lack of robustness in their displays and discussion. For example the five states shown in Figure 2 to have zero average mass shootings all had mass shootings that were so rare they rounded to zero. The worst state (Vermont) had an average rounded up to three in Figure 2. But in reality the difference between the worst state (Vermont) and the five best states is not really 3-0 = 3. This difference is somewhat due to rounding differences combined with denominator effects rather than robust statistical outcomes.

The first rule of statistical analysis is discuss the robustness of the outcomes. The above study lacks a robustness analysis.

How to Mislead With Statistics
For years, the estimates of nonfatal gunshot injuries published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have grown increasingly unreliable ---

How to Mislead With Statistics
U.S. Crime 'Good Guys With Guns' Can Rarely Stop Mass Shootings, and Texas and Ohio Show Why 'Good Guys With Guns' Can Rarely Stop Mass Shootings, and Texas and Ohio Show Why ---

Jensen Comment
This is a classic biased article from a left wing rag.

In accountancy we hear over and over that financial audits are often failures at detecting employee pilfering, and it's true that financial statement audits are not designed to detect pilfering by employees in part because audits to detect employee pilfering are prohibitively expensive unless there is prior suspicion that narrows the search.  Financial statement audits are designed to test overall conformance of financial reports to reporting standards. However, only naive analysts conclude that financial statement audits do not prevent some employee pilfering.

The problem is that we can never conduct very useful research on the impact of financial statement auditing on preventing employee pilfering. How do you catch a moonbeam in your hand? How many employees are discouraged from pilfering when they know that internal and external auditors will be poking around their records?

The Sandy Hook School Shooter knew that there were no armed teachers, administrators, or police officers on duty at the school the morning he shot up a bunch of little kids. Would he have been so brazen if he knew there were armed officials all around the school.  Would he instead have picked a softer target like a restaurant or a park when the school was no longer a marshmallow target?

We'll never know. How to you catch a moonbeam in your statistical database?

There are no perfect employee pilfering prevention measures just like there are no perfect mass shooting prevention measures. But it's a politically-motivated conclusion that "guns rarely stop mass shootings." Schools are softer targets than gun shows because there are fewer guns on site.  

How many mass shootings take place at gun shows?

How to mislead with statistics
There Are 79 Jobs With Six Figure Salaries -

Jensen Comment
This is among the most misleading rankings I've ever seen.

Firstly, many of the professionals included in the rankings don't have "jobs" that pay salaries. They are business owners who rely on profits rather than salaries. Thinks of surgeons who have their own offices, nurses, physician assistants, receptionists, accountants, etc. They have many expenses, especially malpractice insurance policies and claims pay out.

Secondly, many have profit sharing and bonus plans that are almost impossible to predict above and beyond salaries included in this study.

Thirdly, these are averages with enormous standard deviations and skewed distributions. For example, college professor salaries and physician assistant salaries are truncated much lower than salaries of lawyers and brain surgeons.

Fourthly, the jobs vary greatly in terms of benefits. College presidents for example get free housing, huge expense allowances, cars, etc.

Fifthly, salaries are cover varying parts of the year. Professors, for example, are included in this study at their nine-month base. Those same professors get added salaries for summer teaching, research, book royalties, consulting, patent royalties, etc.

Sixthly, some jobs are conducive to added compensation, particularly outside consulting, book writing, speeches, musical performances, etc.

The bottom line is that these rankings are mostly garbage and very misleading for career aspirants.

How to Mislead With Statistics

Here's how much money doctors across the US make ---

Jensen Comment
This article is a great example of how statistical reports can be misleading if they only focus on mean averages without added information about standard deviations and skewness and missing variables. For example, consider neurosurgery. My wife's spine surgeon in Boston is what he calls a "big-back" surgeon. He performs spinal surgeries that 95+% of the back surgeons in the USA refuse to perform. He actually broke Erika's spine into three pieces and then attached four rods from her hips to her neck. Afterwards, however, she can still pick up a tissue off of the floor when bending her spine. Needless to say his rates, sometimes exceeding tens of thousands of dollars per surgery, are greater than the rates of "little-back" surgeons who also work out his office. By the way, he's not on the faculty of the Harvard Medical School. However, every time I've spoken with him he was followed by two or three Harvard Medical School neurosurgery residency physicians who were what I called his "puppies."

By the way, it might be interesting to study details of his malpractice insurance premiums and lawsuits. He's amazing because he has the guts to be a "last-chance" neurosurgeon in spite of the circling lawyers. By last chance I mean when patients can no longer find a neurosurgeon who will operate on their spines he's their "last chance." Erika had over a dozen spine surgeries before she at last found this "big-back" surgeon in Boston.

There are also many other troubles with the above article. For example, malpractice insurance is very high priced in the USA relative to all other nations. And malpractice insurance costs vary greatly with specialties such as being very high for obstetrics (lawyers sue for every bad baby) versus neurosurgery versus psychiatry versus primary care physicians.

Let's consider an example. According to the study the average pay for a neurosurgeon is $617,000. But that does not account for differences in whether that salary is net of malpractice insurance premiums. Such netting out is complicated because many neurosurgeons make this much or much more without having to pay malpractice insurance premiums. My wife's spine surgeon who installed her morphine pump  is an employee of the Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center that pays malpractice insurance for virtually all employees and medical school faculty. However, many neurosurgeons who operate in that same medical center are not employees and must pay their own malpractice insurance. Similarly, there's a nearby Veterans Hospital where VA neurosurgeons do not have to pay their own malpractice insurance. But if the VA has to outsource a particular type of surgery that surgeon's bill to the VA will include malpractice insurance.

Incomes of many specialists vary when they must pay for their own staff versus have no expenses for staff. For example, the Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center pays for all staff such as receptionists, nurses, technicians, accountants, etc.  It even pays for lawyers when needed. The private-practice physicians who may also perform surgeries at this medical center must pay for their own office space and staff. How do you compare a salaried employee of that medical center with the profits of a private-practice physician?

I might point out a political problem related to all of this. There's an old saying:  "Show me a bad doctor, and I'll show you a rich professional." The point is that even at the lowest end of the income distribution medical doctors in the USA are well paid.

The Democratic candidates for the 2020 presidential nomination have created a paradox.
Most, not all, students are drawn to medical school in anticipation of relatively high after-tax incomes. The politicians advocating Medicare-for-All want to fund this $30+ trillion cost with greatly increased taxes (think 70% of a physician's income). At the same time more than twice as many physicians will be needed to staff Medicare-for-All. Eventually, the progressives will also legislate free medical school education. But how many students will flock to medical schools even if they are free? My guess is very few if you are gong to tax away 70% of their income when they at long last begin to practice medicine.

The problem with becoming a physician is not just the cost of medical school. The problem is the ordeal --- those years of education and training needed to become masters of their crafts. The time needed varies with specialties, but you don't become a neurosurgeon without years of ordeal in training before you can bill your first paying patient. And there's a lot of blood, sweat, and tears in those training years. Even worse is that there's a lot of weekly tension and risk of burn out in the years of practice that follow. Tell that to the advocates of Medicare-for-All combined with soaring taxes.!

If you want to double the number of physicians in the USA you not only have to make medical school free; You have to let them be the highest paid professionals on average after taxes.

You can read more about Erika's ordeal with pain and surgeries at
I might add that the electronic pain stimulator installed eventually proved to be worthless. The same surgeon who installed it removed it and replaced it with a morphine pump. The pump is no magic bullet, but its more effective than the electronic wiring up and down her spine

How to Mislead With Statistics
Here's how much surgeons, lawyers, and 20 other top-earning professionals make per hour

Jensen Comment
There many ways such analyses are (and rankings) are misleading. For example, surgeons are shown (on average) to make less per hour than anesthesiologists. I'm not sure you can even compare the hourly wages of these two types of professions unless you factor in the added time surgeons spend in pre-surgery office visits and post surgery visits both in the hospital and in the surgeon's office. Then there's the added time surgeons give to studying how they're going to perform complicated surgeries. And there's the added costs that many surgeons have for office space, office nurses, receptionists, accountants, etc. Anesthesiologists are often given free hospital offices and nurses, and other assistants.

Then there's the problem of factoring in investment of time and expense of becoming physicians relative to other workers like restaurant dishwashers and taxi drivers.

It's hard to compare lawyer hourly wages with many other professions since lawyers invest heavily in professional services of others to conduct basic investigations (think of what Perry Mason invested in his investigators), legal aids who conduct legal research on cases, travel time where trips may be partly professional and partly personal. And lawyers are often paid based upon contingencies such as jury awards that withstand changes in appellate courts. Many are also paid on profit sharing formulas in their firms.

Probably the most difficult profession to evaluate by hourly wages are professors who devote so much of their time to become scholars in general and researchers building and maintaining reputations in addition to teaching and both internal and external services.

Add to this the usual problems of comparing averages is misleading without also comparing standard deviations, skewness (the word kurtosis sounds smarter), impact of outliers, etc.

The bottom line is that when comparing incomes of most all types of professionals, reducing the comparison metrics to hourly wages is probably more misleading than helpful.

How to Mislead With Statistics
Newspaper Subscriptions --- https://marginalrevolution.com/marginalrevolution/2019/08/average-is-over-newspaper-edition.html
Also see
Jensen Comment
The big problem these days is the confounding of print subscriptions with digital subscriptions. For example, the NYT purportedly now has 2.7 million digital-only subscribers (down from 2.9 million in 2017) ---
I wondered why the above article by Joshua Benton totally ignored the Wall Street Journal having a 2018 circulation of 2.5 million total with only 1.6 million digital subscriptions. The problem is that most WSJ "digital subscriptions" (like mine)  include print edition mailings such that comparing the NYT digital-only subscriptions with WSJ digital subscriptions compares an apples-only basket with a fruit basket. Benton does not mention this comparability problem and leads us to believe that he ignored the WSJ because its a "niche" market newspaper. That's not a particularly good reason since the NYT and WSJ both have extensive general news coverage as well as financial markets coverage.

But Benton is probably safer not comparing NYT circulation with WSJ circulation because comparisons of digital subscriptions are dubious since the WSJ does far more bundling of print with digital subscribing.

In any case, the three largest newspapers in the USA benefit heavily from billionaire ownership of their shares --- Carlos Slim in the case of the NYT, Jeff Bezos in the case of the Washington Post, and Rupert Murdoch in the case of the WSJ. These newspapers would not be nearly as successful without being propped up by these billionaires. Since that billionaire support is so crucial for worldwide reporting we should be grateful to all three billionaires.

Print newspapers are hurting badly from a seriously declining share of advertising dollars as more of those dollars are being shifted to social media outlets like Facebook, Google, and YouTube.  This is sad since those social media giants do not support reporters on the same scale as newspapers. YouTube does not send reporters to school board and city council meetings that depend on local newspapers to report the local news, Many of those local newspapers are going bankrupt. Or, as in the case of Philadelphia, there no longer is a print edition of the city's largest (and struggling) newspaper.

How to Mislead With Statistics (delay notification of data errors)

Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders just slammed the Swiss drug giant Novartis over a new controversy swirling around the world's most expensive drug ---

How to Mislead With Statistics
 TripAdvisorHajj Ratings or Ummah.com
: Everything in Mecca gets 5 stars — and online reviews of other holy sites are wildly inflated, too ---

Jensen Comment
In Lake Obegon criticizing can get you killed.

How Fact Checkers Mislead With Statistics
Ilhan Omar Defended by Media and Fact Checkers

These are the shady tricks shopping sites use to get your money and info ---

Jensen Comment
I consider LL Bean to be a responsible company, but I frown at their frequent online notices that there's only one day left to get 25% off on certain products. Never fear, next week there will be a new 24% off deal on those same products.

Rational discourse about the federal budget has become virtually impossible ---

USA Debt Clock --- http://www.usdebtclock.org/
The published debt is a lie
Here's the real debt ---

In September 2017 the USA National Debt exceeded $22 trillion for the first time ---

Current and former Goldman Sachs directors are facing criminal charges over the 1MDB scandal in Malaysia, including Alibaba's president ---

Brickbat: Big Money --- https://reason.com/2019/08/12/brickbat-big-money/

Jensen Comment
Auditors would say:  Where were the internal controls?

Microsoft OneDrive --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OneDrive

Key features of Microsoft OneDrive ---

For academics, what matters more: journal prestige or readership?

Jensen Comment
The more interesting question is more complicated depending upon what one means by "journal." It also varies with needs of the academic. Exhibit A is Paul Krugman who has a Nobel Prize in Economics and a very popular blog in the New York Times. It's misleading to compare whether a NYT Blog article or an article in liberal media magazine called Slate or an article in the Journal of Political Economy matters most to Paul.

Paul Krugman --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Krugman

An occasional publication in a very prestigious and rigorously refereed article such as the JPE matters a great deal to Paul for maintaining respect as an economic theorists.

But the following article a choosy popular press magazine (Slate) gets across an important and controversial message that he wants to be read worldwide. For example, the following reference is very important to him because, in defending multinational corporations, he riled the core audience of the liberal Slate and even riled his core constituency in general. Publishing this article in the WSJ or JPE would not have had the same emotional worldwide impact.

"In Praise of Cheap Labor," by Paul Krugman, Slate, March 21, 1997 ---
In this article Paul demonstrates academic independence which I'm sure pleased him even though his core constituency emotionally disagrees with his conclusions in this article.

But it must please him even more when he stirs up his conservative critics --- something he does regularly in his NYT blog. Yeah I know that in most blogs and Websites the publications do not pass through a rigorous refereeing process that chooses whether to publish or not publish an article. But once published or cited in a popular blog the article may obtain hundreds or thousands of commentaries.

Paul Krugman’s Most Evil Idea ---
Especially note to number and range of commentaries --- including my own comment published on August 2, 2019:

Never fear. Paul Krugman will swoop down from Fantasy Heaven and show the USA how to raise $20+ trillion dollars to fund the Democratic Party platform programs for Green Initiative costs combined with free Medicare-for-All, free medications, free nursing homes, free college, guaranteed annual income for 350+ million residents of the USA, interest on eventual $200+ trillion of national debt, free food, free housing, Social Security benefits, pensions, and other safety nets. Please swoop down and save the USA pensions and the rest of the USA economy Paul.

Meanwhile the economy seems to be rolling along with relatively low unemployment and record stock prices and record pension fund levels. Those damn Republicans are really killing us Paul --- that is before you swoop down to make big improvements in our economy and its incoming hordes of undocumented immigrants.

It never dawned on me that you can raise $20+ trillion just by using the printing presses.

Added Jensen Comment
My added point this morning is that I don't think you can compare whether journal prestige or readership matters most to an academic. Too much depends upon circumstances. Whether you are an untenured assistant professor or a Nobel Prize winner publishing in a prestigious journal that is rigorously refereed is very important for for respect among your academic peers. Blogging controversial articles that are widely read around the world is very important if you've already earned a Nobel Prize. Doing so as an untenured assistant professor is not at all advisable when the articles are controversial.

Also blogging popular articles daily probably takes too much time for an untenured assistant professor.

My point is that the importance of journal prestige versus readership varies considerably with stage of life and emotional attachment to causes (think politics). I don't think we can really answer the question of whether a publication in JPE matters more or less to Paul Krugman. relative to publishing an article in Slate or the NYT. All are vitally important to him for different reasons. An untenured assistant professor does not get such luxury.

Germany just made its biggest drug bust ever — nearly 5 tons of cocaine worth $1.11 billion

Saving for a Child's College Costs with a 529 Plan ---

I know 529 plans are considered one of the best ways to pay for college, but I won't be opening one for my son. Here's why ---

Jensen Comment
When the a Democrat becomes President of the USA all student loans might be forgiven and college. along with most everything else, will be free under the Cuban-styled wealth equalization plan.

Avoid the USA stock markets since they will crash for good. Like Cubans you could in classic old cars --- but then again maybe not since you might have to go to Cuba to get gasoline.

Here's an idea --- invest in bicycles.

Katy Perry and her collaborators must pay $2.7 million for copying Christian rap song ---

Former Financial Advisor Dawn Bennett Gets 20-Year Prison Sentence --- |

David Giles Suggested Reading for August

Here are my suggestions for this month:

·                     Bun, M. J. G. & T. D. Harrison, 2109. OLS and IV estimation of regression models including endogenous interaction terms. Econometric Reviews, 38, 814-827.

·                     Dufour, J-M., E. Flachaire, & L. Khalaf, Permutation tests for comparing inequality measures. Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 37, 457-470.

·                     Jiao, X. & F. Pretis, 2018. Testing the presence of outliers in regression models. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3217213.

·                     Stanton, J. M., 2001. Galton, Pearson, and the peas: A brief history of linear regression for statistics instructors. Journal of Statistics Education, 9, 1-13.

                      Trafimow, D., 2019. A frequentist alternative to significance testing, p-values and confidence intervals. Econometrics, 7, 26

From an MIT Newsletter on August 5, 2019

China’s grand AI experiment could reshape how the world learns

In recent years, China has rushed to pursue “intelligent education.” Now its billion-dollar ed-tech companies are planning to export their vision overseas, reports Karen Hao.

Racing ahead: While experts puzzle over AI’s role in education, China hasn’t waited around. Its AI-enabled teaching and learning sector has exploded. Tens of millions of students now use some form of AI to learn—whether through extracurricular tutoring programs like Squirrel’s, digital learning platforms like 17ZuoYe, or even in their main classrooms.

Blowing up: At the moment, it looks like this could be a huge new business area. That’s got Silicon Valley interested. And the Chinese firms behind the programs are already beginning to export their models globally.

A note of caution: Experts worry about the direction this rush is taking. At best, they say, AI can help teachers foster their students’ interests and strengths. But it could also further entrench a global trend toward standardized learning and testing, leaving the next generation ill-prepared to adapt in a rapidly changing world of work.

Read the full story here.

Nir Eyal Looks at the Quality of Research Claiming Tech Use Harms Kids (such as making them more depressed) ---

Jensen Comment
Technology is a tool, like most any tool, can be used and misused.

Probably it's biggest flaw is that it's not perfectly adaptive to varying circumstances of learners and learning environments.  In some circumstances it can be overwhelming. In other circumstances it makes learning much more effective and efficient.
In some instances it can be addictive to a fault. In other instances is can be addictive to fantastic accomplishments.

Exhibit A is MOOC learning that experiences enormously high drop out rates due to overwhelming learners, especially introductory learners. At the same time MOOC learning sometimes lifts learners out of impossible situations such as the Mongolian student who used MIT MOOCs to lift himself into MIT's Ph.D. program.

Bob Jensen's threads on MOOC learning ---

Bob Jensen's threads tools and tricks of the trade (including technology advances for handicapped learners) ---


Mexico replaces China as top US trading partner ---

The labor share is not in general falling ---

Video of the Stepback 3-Pointer --- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gSDJ-HffHrU

Why Kids Want to Be James Harden ---

The stepback 3-pointer is the next big thing in youth basketball. The players love it. And their coaches hate it.

Brooklyn Nets guard Joe Harris has spent part of his summer for the last five years hosting a camp for youth basketball players, and he’s learned that being around kids all day is a useful way of understanding the recent history and the inevitable future of his sport.

“In those five years,” he said, “it’s been crazy to me to see how these kids play.”

The first crazy thing he noticed was the number of 3-pointers they were taking. The next crazy thing was that they would come to the gym and begin their warmups from behind the 3-point line, which is something that not even Harris does, and he’s the league’s reigning leader in 3-point shooting percentage. But what he saw this summer was the craziest thing yet.

The kids weren’t just taking 3-pointers. They were taking stepback 3-pointers.

“Everyone wants to be like James Harden,” Harris said.

This seems to make as much sense as trying to grow a beard like Harden’s. His stepback 3-pointer is a bit like his magnificent facial hair: It requires patience, years of practice and even then almost nobody will be able to look like him.

That’s because the shot he’s mastered could very well be the most deranged shot in basketball. Harden makes the stepback 3-pointer look effortless. It’s not. It’s a shot that’s too physically demanding for almost everyone else in the league.

But not even the fact that their favorite NBA players won’t try stepback 3-pointers is enough to deter this generation of youth basketball players.

“The stepback three, in my opinion, has become a problem,” said Allen Skeens, the coach of an elite youth team in Kansas.

This problem will be on full display when the best 13- and 14-year-old boys and girls teams around the world convene this week for the Jr. NBA Global Championship. This celebration of youth basketball might as well be called Hardenpalooza. LeBron James and Stephen Curry are the most popular players among the kids at the tournament, according to NBA data, but Curry and Harden are the most influential. They are responsible for the biggest shifts in human behavior on the basketball court over the last five years.

It took the adults in the world of youth basketball several years to get used to the avalanche of 3-pointers that roiled the sport. Now they’re trying to wrap their minds around the sudden prevalence of stepback threes.

The stepback three is Harden’s highly unorthodox way of creating enough space to shoot more 3-pointers than anyone the game has ever seen. It requires him to do something counterintuitive: step away from the basket. He’s strong enough to shoot with his body pulling him in another direction. The average 12-year-old boy is not.

In that way Harden’s stepback three is more like Kareem Abdul-Jabbar’s skyhook than Allen Iverson’s crossover or Michael Jordan’s fadeaway jumper. Not everyone who practices it can perfect it. And the great majority of them will look ridiculous trying.

Skeens knows how to have success at this level: His team won the Jr. NBA boys championship last year. But he’s puzzled when he sees other coaches encourage their young players to shoot stepback 3-pointers. He says there’s a good reason that he makes sure his team doesn’t practice this particular shot.

Continued in article

Jensen Comment
My closest neighbor does not live up here in the mountains. But we have breakfast together once each week (at Polly's Pancake Parlor) when he comes up from his home near Boston to visit his second home near mine. Jay's a retired cardiologist who is now over 70 years of age, and he's been on a basketball team of one type or another since he played in college. He still travels all across the USA to appear in tournaments for his age group.

This morning I mentioned the above article that appeared August 7 in The Wall Street Journal (Page A14). Jay sighed and claimed it's so typical for young players to want to emulate the greats without mastering fundamentals of the game. It's typical in life for so many people to want to be like the greats (think James Harden, Lebron James, Steve Curry, Michael Jordan, Tom Brady, Wayne Gredzsky, Megan Rapinoe, Magnus Carlsen, Toni Morrison, etc.). It's also typical for some to want to emulate the best without mastering the fundamentals.

In the world of business there are noteworthy heroes (think billionaires) who in late teens grew weary of learning the fundamentals, dropped out of college, and with genius and luck and clever ideas rose to the top. Exhibit A is Bill Gates. With genius, talent, and more than a little luck there are rare instances in sports, music, technology, business, and whatever to achieve great success without really "learning the fundamentals" or "learning the core" in a more traditional career path. But 99.9999% of the time skipping the fundamentals like a college education and years of financial experience is a routing to failure.

There are two types of heroes. There are hall of fame heroes who were idolized by fans. Then there are the heroes of those heroes like Dennis Rodman who did not need to set scoring records to instill fear in NBA greats who preferred not to play against "the Worm" --- a fearless superstar who mastered defensive basketball fundamentals rather than scoring.

Yeah I know Elvis only knew four guitar chords and Roy Clark was a famed Nashville musician who supposedly could not read music, but skipping the fundamentals is not a recommended way to become a legend on the Grand Ole Opry.

So many young people this week are turning to the great works of author Toni Morrison and thinking of ways to emulate her greatness. A few might achieve greatness as authors, but I doubt that any of them will do so without mastering the writing fundamentals that are necessary conditions (especially knowing your language and subject matter), without being sufficient conditions, that led to her greatness ---
Writing daily before the light like Toni Morrison is not a necessary condition to becoming a great writer, but knowing the fundamentals of writing in your language is a necessary condition ---

Free Online Tutorials, Videos, Course Materials, and Learning Centers

Education Tutorials

Primer Education Channel on YouTube ---

Sundance Film Review: ‘Honeyland’

Bob Jensen's threads on general education tutorials are at http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Bookbob2.htm#EducationResearch

Bob Jensen's bookmarks for multiple disciplines --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Bookbob2.htm

Bob Jensen's links to free courses and tutorials --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/updateee.htm#OKI

Engineering, Science, and Medicine Tutorials

Tesla just announced a giant new battery (for storing solar and wind electricity) ---
Jensen Comment
This is intended to compete with traditional power plants (think natural gas) and relies on transmission lines. The dream would be to have cheaper and more effective batteries for storage of home solar power.

The History of the Laser ---

Bob Jensen's threads on free online science, engineering, and medicine tutorials are at --http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookbob2.htm

Bob Jensen's links to free courses and tutorials --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/updateee.htm#OKI

Social Science and Economics Tutorials

The Library of Congress Digitizes Over 16,000 Pages of Letters & Speeches from the Women’s Suffrage Movement, and You Can Help Transcribe Them ---

The labor share is not in general falling ---


Bob Jensen's threads on Economics, Anthropology, Social Sciences, and Philosophy tutorials are at

Bob Jensen's links to free courses and tutorials --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/updateee.htm#OKI

Law and Legal Studies

Bob Jensen's threads on law and legal studies are at
Scroll down to Law

Math Tutorials

Bob Jensen's threads on free online mathematics tutorials are at
Scroll down to Mathematics and Statistics

Bob Jensen's links to free courses and tutorials --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/updateee.htm#OKI

History Tutorials

Friedrich Hayek --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Hayek
The year 2019 marks the 75th anniversary of the publication in 1944 of F. A. Hayek’s The Road to Serfdom ---

The Library of Congress Digitizes Over 16,000 Pages of Letters & Speeches from the Women’s Suffrage Movement, and You Can Help Transcribe Them ---

Magellan --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferdinand_Magellan
500 years on, how Magellan's voyage changed the world ---
Also see

The Atlantic:  Remembering the Peerless Toni Morrison ---

Hear Toni Morrison (RIP) Present Her Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech on the Radical Power of Language (1993) ---

The History of the Laser ---

The New Yorker:  Alan Dershowitz, the Devil's Advocate --- Click Here

Photographs of New York beaches from 1880 to 1940  ---

Take a Virtual Tour of Jane Austen’s Library ---

Bob Jensen's threads on history tutorials are at http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookbob2.htm
Scroll down to History
Also see http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm  

Bob Jensen's links to free courses and tutorials --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/updateee.htm#OKI

Language Tutorials

Bob Jensen's links to language tutorials are at http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookbob2-Part2.htm#Languages

Music Tutorials

Bob Jensen's threads on free music tutorials are at
Scroll down to Music

Bob Jensen's threads on music performances ---

Writing Tutorials

Bob Jensen's helpers for writers are at http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Bookbob3.htm#Dictionaries

Bob Jensen's threads on medicine ---

CDC Blogs --- http://blogs.cdc.gov/

Shots: NPR Health News --- http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots

Updates from WebMD --- http://www.webmd.com/

July 31, 2019

·         Heartburn Drugs Might Bring Allergy Woes

·         U.S. News Releases 2019-2020 Top Hospitals List

·         Clogged Leg Arteries May Not Require Invasive Surgery

·         Childhood Cancer Steals 11 Million Years of Life: Study

·         High Levels of Estrogen in Womb Might Raise Autism Risk

·         Not Just One Reason Kids Don't Drink Enough Water

·         Could Your Cellphone Charger Electrocute You?

·         Trying to Avoid a Second Stroke? Blood Pressure Control Is Key

·         Mosquito-Borne Brain Infection Found in Florida

 August 2, 2019

·         Covington Citizens Urge Testing for Toxic Pollution

·         Hair Loss Not Just a Male Problem

·         Blood Test May Spot Signs of Early Alzheimer's

·         3-D Printers Might Someday Make Replacement Hearts

·         Baby Sleepers Recalled Over Safety Fears

·         GA Governor To Investigate Toxic Air At Plants

·         Drug Duo May Be a Weapon Against a Common Leukemia

·         Vitamin A Linked to Lower Odds of Common Skin Cancer

·         Researchers Weigh Benefits, Risks of PPIs

August 5, 2019

·       14 Hospitalizations May Be Linked to Vaping

·         Entenmann's Little Bites Cookies Recalled

·         No-Tobacco Policy for New Workers in Ohio City

·         Frailty Not a Normal Part of Aging

·         Dangerous Sesame Allergy Affects Many Americans

·         Covington Citizens Urge Testing for Toxic Pollution

·         Hair Loss Not Just a Male Problem

·         Blood Test May Spot Signs of Early Alzheimer's

·         3-D Printers Might Someday Make Replacement Hearts

August 6, 2019

·          Entenmann's Little Bites Cookies Recalled

·         14 Hospitalizations May Be Linked to Vaping

·         Could a 'Tickle' a Day Keep the Doctor Away?

·         No-Tobacco Policy for New Workers in Ohio City

·         Frailty Not a Normal Part of Aging

·         Dangerous Sesame Allergy Affects Many Americans

·         Covington Citizens Urge Testing for Toxic Pollution

·         Hair Loss Not Just a Male Problem

·         Blood Test May Spot Signs of Early Alzheimer's

August 7, 2019

·         Too Few U.S. Opioid Users Are Getting OD Antidote

·         Routine Test for Pancreatic Cancer Not Warranted

·         Surgical Procedure Aims to Delay Menopause

·         'Selfies' Might Someday Track Your Blood Pressure

·         In Heat Waves, Fans May Do More Harm Than Good

·         State OKs New Plan to Cut Toxic Pollution at Plant

·         Entenmann's Little Bites Cookies Recalled

·         14 Hospitalizations May Be Linked to Vaping

·         Could a 'Tickle' a Day Keep the Doctor Away?

August 8, 2019

·         One Dead In Atlanta Hotel Legionnaires' Outbreak

·         Experts Slam Trump for Post-Shooting Comments

·         Too Few U.S. Opioid Users Are Getting OD Antidote

·         Routine Test for Pancreatic Cancer Not Warranted

·         Surgical Procedure Aims to Delay Menopause

·         'Selfies' Might Someday Track Your Blood Pressure

·         In Heat Waves, Fans May Do More Harm Than Good

·         State OKs New Plan to Cut Toxic Pollution at Plant

·         Entenmann's Little Bites Cookies Recalled

August 9, 2019

·         Unlocking Speech for Kids With Autism

·         Blood Test May Help Guide Breast Cancer Treatment

·         FDA: Pricey Drug Approved on Manipulated Data

·         One Dead In Atlanta Hotel Legionnaires' Outbreak

·         Experts Slam Trump for Post-Shooting Comments

·         Too Few U.S. Opioid Users Are Getting OD Antidote

·         Routine Test for Pancreatic Cancer Not Warranted

·         Surgical Procedure Aims to Delay Menopause

·         'Selfies' Might Someday Track Your Blood Pressure

August 10, 2019

·         Baby Trackers: Peace of Mind or Added Anxiety?

·         Raising Legal Smoking Age to 21 Works

·         Pure CBD Won't Make You Fail a Drug Test, But…

·         Giving Up Meat Could Help Your Health

·         FDA Reports More Seizures Among Vapers

·         Medicare to Cover Breakthrough Cancer Gene Therapy

·         Unlocking Speech for Kids With Autism

·         Blood Test May Help Guide Breast Cancer Treatment

·         FDA: Pricey Drug Approved on Manipulated Data

August 12, 2019

·         EPA Won't Approve Warning Labels for Glyphosate

·         What TV Binge-Watching Does to Your Brain

·         Too Much Napping May Signal Alzheimer's

·         Depression, Alzheimer's Share Home in Aging Brains

·         PFAS Chemicals in Food: Expert QA

·         Baby Trackers: Peace of Mind or Added Anxiety?

·         Raising Legal Smoking Age to 21 Works

·         Pure CBD Won't Make You Fail a Drug Test, But…

·         Giving Up Meat Could Help Your Health

August 14, 2019

·         EPA Won't Approve Warning Labels for Glyphosate

·         Dole Baby Spinach Recalled

·         What TV Binge-Watching Does to Your Brain

·         Too Much Napping May Signal Alzheimer's

·         Depression, Alzheimer's Share Home in Aging Brains

·         PFAS Chemicals in Food: Expert QA

·         Baby Trackers: Peace of Mind or Added Anxiety?

·         Raising Legal Smoking Age to 21 Works

·         Pure CBD Won't Make You Fail a Drug Test, But…



Adulterated Food --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adulterated_food
Adulterated Bread --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_bread  (bread dough can also adulterated with water)
Adulterated Ice Cream (think air) --- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ice_cream#Composition

Restaurants in the US are reportedly selling fake (or partly fake) guacamole. Here's how you can tell if yours is real ---

Artificial tongue could taste whisky to make sure it isn't counterfeit ---

Humor for June 2019

What's the greatest movie quote of all time?
Jensen Comment
Here are some of my favorite quotes (not from movies)

Joe Biden:  Poor Kids Are Just as Smart as White Kids ---

If you don't know where you're going, you might not get there.
Yogi Berra

I learned long ago never to wrestle with a pig. ... You get dirty and besides the pig likes it ---
George Bernard Shaw

You can get a lot farther with a smile and a gun than you can with just a smile.
Al Capone

Leroy Troy :  Ghost Chickens in the Sky ---

Leroy Troy:  Grandfather's Clock ---

Giant tortoise in 'world's slowest police chase' ---
Herbert was just looking for love

Forwarded by Paula

Lesley Stahl did a story on gender roles in Kabul, Afghanistan,  several years before our involvement in the Afghan conflict. She noted  that women customarily walked five paces behind their husbands. She recently returned to Kabul and observed that women still walk behind their husbands.
Despite the overthrow of the oppressive Taliban regime, the women now seem to, and are happy to, maintain the old customs.
Ms. Stahl approached one of the Afghani women and asked, "Why do you now seem happy with an old custom that you once tried so desperately to change?"
The woman looked Ms. Stahl straight in the eyes, and without  hesitation said, "Land mines.”
No matter what language you speak or where you go the moral of the story is:   

Humor July 2019--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book19q3.htm#Humor0719.htm

Humor June 2019--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book19q2.htm#Humor0619.htm

Humor May 2019--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book19q2.htm#Humor0519.htm

Humor April 2019--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book19q2.htm#Humor0419.htm 

Humor March 2019--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book19q1.htm#Humor0319.htm

Humor February 2019--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book19q1.htm#Humor0219.htm 

Humor January 2019--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book19q1.htm#Humor0119.htm   

Humor December 2018--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book18q4.htm#Humor1218.htm  

Humor November 2018--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book18q4.htm#Humor1118.htm 

Humor October 2018--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book18q4.htm#Humor1118.htm

Humor October 2018--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book18q4.htm#Humor1018.htm   

Humor September 2018--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book18q3.htm#Humor0918.htm 

Humor August 2018 --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book18q3.htm#Humor0818.htm  

Humor July 2018--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book18q3.htm#Humor0718.htm 

Humor June 2018--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book18q2.htm#Humor0618.htm

Humor May 2018--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book18q2.htm#Humor0518.htm

Humor April 2018--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book18q2.htm#Humor0418.htm

Humor March 2018--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book18q1.htm#Humor0318.htm 

Humor February 2018--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book18q1.htm#Humor0218.htm

Humor January 2018--- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/book18q1.htm#Humor0118.htm 

Tidbits Archives --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/TidbitsDirectory.htm

More of Bob Jensen's Pictures and Stories

Click here to search Bob Jensen's web site if you have key words to enter --- Search Site.
For example if you want to know what Jensen documents have the term "Enron" enter the phrase Jensen AND Enron. Another search engine that covers Trinity and other universities is at http://www.searchedu.com/

Online Distance Education Training and Education --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Crossborder.htm
For-Profit Universities Operating in the Gray Zone of Fraud  (College, Inc.) --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/HigherEdControversies.htm#ForProfitFraud

Shielding Against Validity Challenges in Plato's Cave ---

The Cult of Statistical Significance: How Standard Error Costs Us Jobs, Justice, and Lives ---

How Accountics Scientists Should Change: 
"Frankly, Scarlett, after I get a hit for my resume in The Accounting Review I just don't give a damn"
One more mission in what's left of my life will be to try to change this

What went wrong in accounting/accountics research?  ---

The Sad State of Accountancy Doctoral Programs That Do Not Appeal to Most Accountants ---


Bob Jensen's threads on accounting theory ---

Tom Lehrer on Mathematical Models and Statistics ---

Systemic problems of accountancy (especially the vegetable nutrition paradox) that probably will never be solved ---


World Clock --- http://www.peterussell.com/Odds/WorldClock.php
Facts about the earth in real time --- http://www.worldometers.info/

Interesting Online Clock and Calendar --- http://home.tiscali.nl/annejan/swf/timeline.swf
Time by Time Zones --- http://timeticker.com/
Projected Population Growth (it's out of control) --- http://geography.about.com/od/obtainpopulationdata/a/worldpopulation.htm
         Also see http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/P/Populations.html
Facts about population growth (video) --- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pMcfrLYDm2U
Projected U.S. Population Growth --- http://www.carryingcapacity.org/projections75.html
Real time meter of the U.S. cost of the war in Iraq --- http://www.costofwar.com/ 
Enter you zip code to get Census Bureau comparisons --- http://zipskinny.com/
Sure wish there'd be a little good news today.

Free (updated) Basic Accounting Textbook --- search for Hoyle at

CPA Examination --- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cpa_examination
Free CPA Examination Review Course Courtesy of Joe Hoyle --- http://cpareviewforfree.com/

Rick Lillie's education, learning, and technology blog is at http://iaed.wordpress.com/

Accounting News, Blogs, Listservs, and Social Networking ---

Bob Jensen's Threads --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/threads.htm 
Current and past editions of my newsletter called New Bookmarks --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookurl.htm
Current and past editions of my newsletter called Tidbits --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/TidbitsDirectory.htm
Current and past editions of my newsletter called Fraud Updates --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/FraudUpdates.htm

Online Books, Poems, References, and Other Literature
In the past I've provided links to various types electronic literature available free on the Web. 
I created a page that summarizes those various links --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/ElectronicLiterature.htm

Some of Bob Jensen's Tutorials

Many useful accounting sites (scroll down) --- http://www.iasplus.com/links/links.htm


Bob Jensen's Sort-of Blogs --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/JensenBlogs.htm
Current and past editions of my newsletter called New Bookmarks --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/bookurl.htm
Current and past editions of my newsletter called Tidbits --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/TidbitsDirectory.htm
Current and past editions of my newsletter called Fraud Updates --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/FraudUpdates.htm

Some Accounting History Sites

Bob Jensen's Accounting History in a Nutshell and Links --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/theory01.htm#AccountingHistory

Accounting History Libraries at the University of Mississippi (Ole Miss) --- http://www.olemiss.edu/depts/accountancy/libraries.html
The above libraries include international accounting history.
The above libraries include film and video historical collections.

MAAW Knowledge Portal for Management and Accounting --- http://maaw.info/

Academy of Accounting Historians and the Accounting Historians Journal ---

Sage Accounting History --- http://ach.sagepub.com/cgi/pdf_extract/11/3/269

A nice timeline on the development of U.S. standards and the evolution of thinking about the income statement versus the balance sheet is provided at:
"The Evolution of U.S. GAAP: The Political Forces Behind Professional Standards (1930-1973)," by Stephen A. Zeff, CPA Journal, January 2005 --- http://www.nysscpa.org/cpajournal/2005/105/infocus/p18.htm
Part II covering years 1974-2003 published in February 2005 --- http://www.nysscpa.org/cpajournal/2005/205/index.htm 

A nice timeline of accounting history --- http://www.docstoc.com/docs/2187711/A-HISTORY-OF-ACCOUNTING

From Texas A&M University
Accounting History Outline --- http://acct.tamu.edu/giroux/history.html

Bob Jensen's timeline of derivative financial instruments and hedge accounting ---

History of Fraud in America --- http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/415wp/AmericanHistoryOfFraud.htm
Also see http://faculty.trinity.edu/rjensen/Fraud.htm

Bob Jensen's Threads ---

More of Bob Jensen's Pictures and Stories

All my online pictures --- http://www.cs.trinity.edu/~rjensen/PictureHistory/


Professor Robert E. Jensen (Bob) http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen
190 Sunset Hill Road
Sugar Hill, NH 03586
Phone:  603-823-8482 
Email:  rjensen@trinity.edu